Oregon State UniversitySpecial Collections & Archives Research Center

Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers, 1873-2013

12. Peace. 1945-1994.

This section has been partitioned into eight thematic sub-sections that illustrate Linus Pauling's manifold interests in topics of peace and humanism. The Peace holdings include manuscripts and typescripts, correspondence, notes, meeting minutes, non-Pauling publications and other ephemera reflecting the numerous concerns addressed by the Paulings and the international peace movement from the mid-1940s to the mid-1990s. Prominent items include the three-volume bound Bomb-Test Petition to the United Nations, for which Pauling received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1963, as well as a sizeable trove of materials related to Pauling's membership in the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, formed by Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard at the conclusion of World War II.


141 boxes

5. Nuclear Bomb Test and Proliferation Petitions.

Boxes 5.001 - 5.010 (Page: 1 - 10)


5.001. An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, 1957.


1.1.
Typescripts, Notes: "Statement about Nuclear Bomb Tests", May 2, 1957.
1.2.
Typescript, Notes: "Statement on Bomb Tests", (First Draft of United Nations Petition) May 14, 1957.
1.3.
Typescript, Correspondence: "Statement on the Pauling Petition", by G.W. Beadle, 1957.
1.4.
Blank book with inital petition signers, May 1957.

5.002. An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, 1957-1959.


2.1.
Correspondence, Notes re: circulation and signing of An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, 1957-1959.
2.2.
Typescript: "The Appeal by American Scientists", 1957.
2.3.
Correspondence: Dwight D. Eisenhower, June 4, 1957.
2.4.
Correspondence: Dag Hammarskjöld, United Nations, 1957-1958.
2.5.
Typescript, Notes, Press Release: "Scientists Sign an Appeal Urging International Agreement to Stop Testing Nuclear Bombs", June 3, 1957.
2.6.
Offprint: Statement of support from British scientists, 1957.
2.7.
Manuscript, Typescripts, Notes re: Second draft of An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, October 20, 1957; November 6, 1957.

5.003. An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, 1958.


3.1.
Bound Typescript: "Petition to the United Nations Urging That An International Agreement To Stop the Testing of Nuclear Bombs Be Made Now. Submitted on 13 January 1958 by Professor Linus Pauling and 9234 Other Scientists.".
3.2.
Typescripts, Correspondence, Notes, Press Release: "Scientists Submit Petition to UN Urging International Agreement to Stop Testing Nuclear Bombs", January 1958.
3.3.
Typescript: "The Compelling Need to Stop Nuclear Tests", by Linus Pauling, February 18, 1958.
3.4.
An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World: Complete List of Signatures, File Copy, January 13, 1958.

5.004. An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, 1957-1958.


4.1.
An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World: Partial Lists of Signatures, 1957-1958.

5.005. An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, 1957-1958, 1960.


5.1.
An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World: Partial Lists of Signatures, 1957-1958.
5.2.
An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World: Partial Lists of Signatures, [primarily non-U.S. signatures] 1957-1958.
5.3.
Blank Petition Forms: An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, 1957.
5.4.
Typescript: Americans Who Were Asked by Linus Pauling to Circulate and Sign the Appeal by American Scientists, 1957.
5.5.
Manuscript: Names of All Persons Who, to the Best of My Knowledge, Submitted to Me Copies of the United Nations Bomb-Test Petition, by Linus Pauling, 1960.[?].

5.006. Newspaper Clippings re: Nuclear Tests and An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, collected by Linus Pauling, 1955-1957.


6.1.
Newspaper Clipping: "There'll Be No World War Again, Dr. Pauling Predicts", Los Angeles Times, March 22, 1955.
6.2.
Newspaper Clipping: "Le Professeur Pauling a Cordes", La Depeche du Midi Toulouse, June 24, 1956.
6.3.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor "Radiation and H-bomb Test", Sydney Morning Herald, May 4, 1957.
6.4.
Government Publication: House of Lords, Official Report (re: Hydrogen Bomb Explosions), Her Majesty's Stationery Office, England, May 7, 1957.
6.5.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor "A Deterrent in Hand - Need the Bomb Be Tested?", The Times (London), May 15, 1957.
6.6.
Reprint: The Schweitzer Declaration, Saturday Review, May 18, 1957.
6.7.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor "A Deterrent in Hand - Why the Bomb was Tested", The Times (London), May 21, 1957.
6.8.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor "Tests in the Pacific - What Advantages are Gained?", The Times (London), May 23, 1957.
6.9.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor "Tests in the Pacific", The Times (London), May 24, 1957.
6.10.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor "Tests in the Pacific", The Times (London), May 27, 1957.
6.11.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor "Tests in the Pacific", The Times (London), May 28, 1957.
6.12.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor"Tests in the Pacific", The Times (London), May 30, 1957.
6.13.
Newspaper Clipping: "Scientists Rap A-Tests, Others Reject Pauling Plea", Los Angeles Mirror News, June 3, 1957.
6.14.
Newspaper Clipping: "Scientists Protest Nuclear Test Perils", Pasadena Star-News, June 3, 1957.
6.15.
Newspaper Clipping: "A-Test Ban Demanded by 2000 U.S. Scientists", New York World-Telegram and the Sun, June 3, 1957.
6.16.
Newspaper Clipping: "Bomb Ban Petitioner Cited as Red Fronter", Indianapolis Times, June 4, 1957.
6.17.
Newspaper Clipping: "2000 join in Pauling's H-Ban Plea", Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles California, June 4, 1957.
6.18.
Newspaper Clipping: "Wissenshchafter gegen den Appell Paulings", Neve Zurcher Zeitung, June 6, 1957.
6.19.
Newspaper Clipping: "Public Support Sought to Ban Atom Bomb Tests", Pasadena Star-News, June 6, 1957.
6.20.
Newspaper Clipping: "Caltech Aide to be Quizzed on 'Red Link'", Pasadena Star-News, June 6, 1957.
6.21.
Newspaper Clipping: "CalTech Scientist to be Quizzed on 'Red Leanings", Pasadena Star-News, June 6, 1957.
6.22.
Newspaper Clipping:"Security Probers to Quiz Pauling", Publication Unknown, June 6, 1957.
6.23.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor "The Pope's Statement on Nuclear Tests", The Times (London), June 6, 1957.
6.24.
Newspaper Clipping:"How Pauling Got Signatures", Los Angeles Examiner, June 6, 1957.
6.25.
Newspaper Clipping: "Senate Defers Pauling Testimony on H-Bomb," Los Angeles Times, June 8, 1957.
6.26.
Newspaper Clipping: "A-Test Ban Called a Bid To Disaster", New York Herald Tribune, June 9, 1957.
6.27.
Newspaper Clipping: "Dr. Pauling Said to Have Long Record of Red Ties", New York Herald Tribune, June 9, 1957.
6.28.
Newspaper Clipping: "The News of the Week in Review", New York Times, June 9, 1957.
6.29.
Newspaper Clipping: "How and When to End the Tests", New York Herald Express, June 9, 1957.
6.30.
Newspaper Clipping: "More Bid H-Tests by U.S. Unlikely", New York Herald Express, June 9, 1957.
6.31.
Newspaper Clipping: "'56 Fall-Out Data Cited in Dispute", New York Times, June 10, 1957.
6.32.
Newspaper Clipping: "The Heart Has Its Reasons", New York Post, June 10, 1957.
6.33.
Newspaper Clipping: "Politics and the Fallout",New York Herald Tribune, June 10, 1957.
6.34.
Newspaper Clipping: "Scientists' Slow Burn", Los Angeles Mirror-News, June 10, 1957.
6.35.
Newspaper Clipping: "H-Bomb-Tests Scare Called a Communist Conspiracy", New York Herald Tribune, June 10, 1957.
6.36.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling Mulls World Appeal On Atom Tests", New York World-Telegram and The Sun, June 10, 1957.
6.37.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling Plans World Fight on H-Tests", New York Post, June 10, 1957.
6.38.
Newspaper Clipping:"Pauling Says Reds Cabled For Statement",New York World-Telegram and The Sun, June 11, 1957.
6.39.
Newspaper Clipping: "1 Million Dodsfall av Prove-Eksplosjoner Foretatt Hittil," Dagbladet, June 11, 1957.
6.40.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling Off to Europe, Wants Visa to Moscow", New York Herald Tribune, June 12, 1957.
6.41.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling to Press Atom Ban Abroad", New York Times, June 12, 1957.
6.42.
Newspaper Clipping: "Auteur de la Petition Contre Les Experiences Nucleaires", Liberation, Paris, France, June 12, 1957.
6.43.
Newspaper Clipping: "Un Second Groupe de 2.200 Savants US",Publication Unknown, June 14, 1957.
6.44.
Newspaper Clipping: "Adversaire des Expériences Nucléaires Le Professeur Pauling Vient Faire Une Série de Conférences en France", Le Monde, June 14, 1957.
6.45.
Newspaper Clipping: Editorial "Scientist Turned Preacher", Publication Unknown, Schenectady, New York, June 15, 1957.
6.46.
Newspaper Clippings: "M. Zorine: 'Interdiction des Experiences Atomiques Pour Deux ou Trois Ans'"; "WASHINGTON: Arret des Explosions-Test Pour Dix Mois", Publication Unknown, June 15-16, 1957.
6.47.
Newspaper Clipping: "Scientist in Red Quiz Kills Self", Pasadena Star News, June 17, 1957.
6.48.
Newspaper Clipping: "Cessation Immediate des Explosions Atomiques", l'Humanite, June 17-18, 1957.
6.49.
Newspaper Clipping: "La Cour Suprême U.S. annule une Série de Décisions de la Commission des Activitiés Anti-Américaines", France-Soir, June 18, 1957.
6.50.
Newspaper Clipping: "Deux Lauréats du Prix Nobel Reçus à l'Académie des Sciences", Le Figaro, June 19, 1957.

5.007. Newspaper Clippings re: Nuclear Tests and An Appeal by Scientists to the Governments and People of the World, collected by Linus Pauling, 1957-1958.


7.1.
Newspaper Clipping: "Suicide D'un Savant Americain", Le Figaro, June 19, 1957.
7.2.
Newspaper Clipping: "La Dernière Proposition Russe Mérite D'Être Étudiée Avec Attention et Sympathie", La Depeche Toulouse, June 20, 1957.
7.3.
Newspaper Clipping: "La conférence du professeur Louis Pauling sur «La structure des molecules»", La Depeche Toulouse, June 21, 1957.
7.4.
Newspaper Clipping: "À la Faculte des Sciences de Toulouse M. le Professeur Linus Pauling du California Institute of Technology a Reçu Les Insignes de Docteur 'Honoris Causa'", La Depeche Toulouse, June 22, 1957.
7.5.
Newspaper Clipping: "Le Professeur Pauling à Montpellier", Midi Libre Montpellier, June 24, 1957.
7.6.
Newspaper Clippings: "Arms Cut Inspection Pool Urged; Scientists Ask 4 or 5 More Years", Publication Unknown, Pasadena, California, June 26, 1957.
7.7.
Newspaper Clipping: "Un Entretien Avec le Professeur Linus Pauling (Prix Nobel) Sur les Dangers Des Radiation Atomiques", La Depeche Toulouse, June 29, 1957.
7.8.
Newspaper Clipping: "M. Le Professeur Linus Pauling a Recu Les Insignes de Docteur 'Honoris Causa'", La Depeche Toulouse, June 1957.
7.9.
Newspaper Clipping: "Le Professeur Linus Pauling, Prix Nobel de Chimie, est Depuis Hier Dans Nos Murs", Les Dernières Nouvelles d'Alsace, July 11, 1957.
7.10.
Newspaper Clipping: "Au Centre de Recherches sur les Macromolécules, «La Structure des Protéines», Une Conference du Prof. Linus Pauling, prix Nobel", Les Dernières Nouvelles d'Alsace, July 13, 1957.
7.11.
Newspaper Clipping: "This Fatal Enticement", New York Times, July 14, 1957.
7.12.
Article: "The Scientists Warn Mankind", I.F. Stone's Weekly, July 22, 1957.
7.13.
Newspaper Clipping: "Dulles: 'II est urgent d'établir un contrôle sur les armes Nucléaires'", L'Aurore, July 22, 1957.
7.14.
Newspaper Clipping: "Notre Devoir de Savants est de Donner aux Hommes un Avertissement Solennel", Publication Unknown, July 26, 1957.
7.15.
Article: "Menschheit in Tödlicher Gefahr", Das Gewissen, July/August 1957.
7.16.
Newspaper Clipping: [Article in Russian], 1957.
7.17.
Newspaper Clipping: "Origin of Life on Our Planet", Moscow News, August 21, 1957.
7.18.
Newspaper Clipping: "Leningrad Scientists Propose International Conference Against Atomic Weapons", Moscow News, August 21, 1957.
7.19.
Newspaper Clipping: [Article in Russian], August 23, 1957.
7.20.
Article: "Wer Sich Für Atomare Aufrüstung Entscheidt, Wählt den Atomkrieg!", Das Gewissen, September 1957.
7.21.
Newspaper Clipping: Letter to the Editor "Voices of Science", Manchester Guardian Weekly, December 19, 1957.
7.22.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling Petition Asks U.N. Stop A-Tests", Pasadena Star-News, January 14, 1958.
7.23.
Newspaper Clipping: "Britain in an Uproar Over Rocket Bases and Bombs", National Guardian, New York, March 3, 1958.
7.24.
Article: "A Pagan Sermon to the Christian Clergy", The Nation, March 8, 1958.
7.25.
Newspaper Clipping: "British TV Play is Plea to Disarm", New York Times, March 11, 1958.
7.26.
Article: "Dr. Teller and the Spirit of Adventure", The Saturday Review, March 15, 1958.
7.27.
Newspaper Clippings: "Clear AEC of Intent to Deceive"; "Reds Free American From Jail", Pasadena Star-News, March 15, 1958.
7.28.
Newspaper Clipping: "AEC Off Hook in 2,000-Mile Bomb Test Error", Pasadena Star-News, March 16, 1958.
7.29.
Newspaper Clipping: "Needed Badly: Some Facts on Bomb Tests", The Independent, March 18, 1958.
7.30.
Articles: "Dr. Teller and the Future"; "Truth and Power", The Saturday Review, April 5, 1958.
7.31.
Article: "To Test or Not to Test", The New Republic, April 7, 1958.
7.32.
Newspaper Clippings: "Ike Blasts Critics of Pentagon Plan, In a World at Peace - We Could Have Had All This", S.F. Call-Bulletin, April 17, 1958.
7.33.
Newspaper Clipping: "Fallout Effect? No One's Dead Certain", S.F. Call-Bulletin, April 17, 1958.
7.34.
Newspaper Clipping: "Description of Bomber Trip in Response to Misleading Radar Warning Told of Measures to Eliminate Error", New York Times, April 19, 1958.
7.35.
Newspaper Clipping: "Bevan Sees Peril in Bomber Foray", New York Times, April 21, 1958.
7.36.
Newspaper Clipping: "31 Scientists Offer Papers In 3-Day Talks", The Evening Star, Washington, D. C., April 28, 1958.
7.37.
Newspaper Clipping: "Soviet Editor Ousted, Altered Article Criticizing Lenin Prize Awards", New York Times, April 28, 1958.
7.38.
Newspaper Clippings: "Schweitzer Pleas Bars 'Clean Bomb'; Israel Urges Nuclear Test Ban and Destruction of Stockpiles", New York Times, April 28, 1958.
7.39.
Newspaper Clipping: "Academy of Sciences Electing President", The Evening Star, Washington, D.C., April 29, 1958.
7.40.
Newspaper Clipping: "Anderson's Blockbuster", Washington Post and Times Herald, April 29, 1958.
7.41.
Newspaper Clippings: "Schweitzer Asks Nuclear Cut-Off"; "Rabbi Asks Talks on Atom Test Ban; Britain Explodes a Nuclear Device", New York Times, April 29, 1958.
7.42.
Newspaper Clipping: "Atomic Contradictions", New York Times, April 30, 1958.
7.43.
Article: "A 5-Step Plan to Conquer Cancer," Parade, May 4, 1958.
7.44.
Newspaper Clipping: No Title [re: UN Test Ban Petition], Roanoke [Virginia] Times, [May?] 1958.
7.45.
Newspaper Clipping: "L'Interview du Dr. Pauling", Publication Unknown, No Date.
7.46.
Newspaper Clipping: "L'université de Strasbourg, Connaît un Rayonnement Mondial", No Publication, No Date.
7.47.
Newspaper Clipping: "Bomb Dust Dooms 10,000", Publication Unknown, No Date.
7.48.
Newspaper Clipping: "H-bomb Tests Split Nation", Publication Unknown, No Date.
7.49.
Newspaper Clipping: "H-bomb test 'can kill 1000'", Publication Unknown, No Date.
7.50.
Newspaper Clipping: "Tests of Nuclear Bombs-As a Scientist Sees Them", Publication Unknown, [Sydney?] No Date.
7.51.
Newspaper Clipping: "The Facts About Radio-strontium and Risk to Life", Publication Unknown, [Sydney?] No Date.
7.52.
Editorial Cartoon: "She's All Cleaned Up and We'll Call Her Petunia", Publication Unknown, No Date.
7.53.
Newspaper Clipping: "Military Reported for 'Dirty' Bombs", Publication Unknown, No Date.

5.008. Bound vol.: Bomb-Test Petition to the United Nations, 1958 -- U.S. Signatures. 1958.


8.1.
Bound vol.: Bomb-Test Petition to the United Nations, 1958 -- U.S. Signatures. 1958.

5.009. Bound vol.: Bomb-Test Petition to the United Nations, 1958 -- Signatures from 27 Countries. 1958.


9.1.
Bound vol.: Bomb-Test Petition to the United Nations, 1958 -- Signatures from 27 Countries. 1958.

5.010. Bound vol.: Bomb-Test Petition to the United Nations, 1958 -- Signatures from 22 Countries. 1958.


10.1.
Bound vol.: Bomb-Test Petition to the United Nations, 1958 -- Signatures from 22 Countries. 1958.