Oregon State UniversitySpecial Collections & Archives Research Center

Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers, 1873-2013

12. Peace. 1945-1994.

This section has been partitioned into eight thematic sub-sections that illustrate Linus Pauling's manifold interests in topics of peace and humanism. The Peace holdings include manuscripts and typescripts, correspondence, notes, meeting minutes, non-Pauling publications and other ephemera reflecting the numerous concerns addressed by the Paulings and the international peace movement from the mid-1940s to the mid-1990s. Prominent items include the three-volume bound Bomb-Test Petition to the United Nations, for which Pauling received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1963, as well as a sizeable trove of materials related to Pauling's membership in the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, formed by Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard at the conclusion of World War II.


141 boxes

1. Pugwash Conferences.

Boxes 1.001 - 1.010 (Page: 1 - 10)


1.001. Materials re: Pugwash Conferences and First Pugwash Conference.


1.1.
Correspondence: Continuing Committee of the Pugwash Conferences; other Pugwash-related, 1958-1964.
1.2.
Government Publication: The Pugwash Conferences; A Staff Analysis Prepared for the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, 1961.
1.3.
Publication, Correspondence, Ancillary Material: "History of the Pugwash Conferences", by J. Rotblat, London: Pugwash Continuing Committee, January 1962, April 1966.
1.4.
Article: "The Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs: Twenty-Two Years in Search of Peace", by Eugene Garfield. Current Contents, 10, no. 26 (June 25, 1979): 5-11.
1.5.
Correspondence, Offprints, Background Material: First Conference, Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, July 7-10, 1957.

1.002. Materials re: Second Pugwash Conference.


2.1.
Correspondence, Minutes, Offprints, Photographs and Background Material: Second Conference -- "The Dangers of the Present Situation, and Ways and Means of Diminishing Them", Lac Beauport, Canada, March 31 to April 11, 1958. [Includes offprints of Pugwash Speeches: International Scientific Exchange, by A. Topchiev, April 3, 1958; Inspection and Control of Disarmament, by Wm. A. Higinbotham, April 5, 1958; The "Morality" of the Present Situation and of Possible Solutions to the Impasse, by M.L. Oliphant, April 5, 1958; The Modern Danger -- A Biologists Estimate, by A.M. Kuzin, April 7, 1958; Biological Effects of Fallout, by Linus Pauling, April 7, 1958; Emotional Fallout, by Sir Robert Watson-Watt, April 7, 1958.].
2.2.
Non-Pauling Bound Typescript: Documents of Second Pugwash Conference of Nuclear Scientists, Lac Beauport, P.Q. Canada, March 31 - April 11, 1958.
2.3.
Non-Pauling Bound Typescript: Verbatim Transcript of Second Pugwash Conference of Nuclear Scientists, Lac Beauport, P.Q., Canada, vol. III, March 31 - April 11, 1958.

1.003. Materials re: Third Pugwash Conference.


3.1.
Correspondence, Minutes, Offprints and Background Material: Third Conference -- "Dangers of the Atomic Age and what Scientists can do about them", Kitzbhel, Austria and Vienna, Austria, September 14-20, 1958, 1958-1961.
3.2.
Non-Pauling Bound Typescript, Offprints: Proceedings of Third Pugwash Conference of Nuclear Scientists, Kitzbuhel-Vienna, Austria, September 14-21, 1958.

1.004. Materials re: Fourth through Eighth Pugwash Conferences.


4.1.
Non-Pauling Typescript: ["A Model of 'Pugwash Conference' Practice in Society", by Tomoyoshi Kudo], Background Material: Fourth Conference -- "Arms Control and World Security", Baden, Austria, June 25 - July 4, 1959.
4.2.
Correspondence, Background Material: Fifth Conference -- "Biological and Chemical Warfare", Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, August 24-30, 1959.
4.3.
Offprint, Correspondence: Pugwash International Conference on Continuing Education, August 12-17, 1960.
4.4.
Correspondence, Offprints, Background Material: Sixth Conference -- "Disarmament and World Security", Moscow, USSR, November 27 - December 5, 1960.
4.5.
Correspondence, Bound Typescript: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Science and World Affairs, International Cooperation in Pure and Applied Science, Stowe, Vermont, September 5-9, 1961.
4.6.
Draft Statement, Correspondence, Background Material: Seventh Conference -- "International Co-operation in Pure and Applied Science", Stowe, Vermont, September 5-9, 1961; Eighth Conference -- "Disarmament and World Society", Stowe, Vermont, September 11-16, 1961.

1.005. Materials re: Tenth through Thirteenth Pugwash Conferences; Pugwash Symposia; International Student Pugwash.


5.1.
Correspondence, Offprints, Notes: Tenth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, London, September 3-7, 1962.
5.2.
Press Release: Eleventh Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, September 20-25, 1963.
5.3.
Offprint, Newspaper Article: Twelfth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Udaipur, India, January 27 - February 2, 1964.
5.4.
Offprint: Thirteenth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Karlovy-Vary [Carlsbad], Czechoslovakia, September 13-19, 1964.
5.5.
Publication: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Karlovy Vary, Czechoslovakia, September 13-19, 1964.

1.006. Materials re: Fourteenth through Twenty-Third Pugwash Conferences; Pugwash Symposia; International Student Pugwash.


6.1.
Publication: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Venice, Italy, April 11-16, 1965.
6.2.
Publication: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, December 29, 1965 - January 3, 1966.
6.3.
Correspondence, Offprints: Eighteenth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Nice, France, September 11-16, 1968.
6.4.
Offprint: Twentieth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Fontana, Wisconsin, September 9-15, 1970.
6.5.
Offprints: Twenty-Third Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Aulanko, Finland, August 30 - September 4, 1973.
6.6.
Correspondence re: Pugwash Symposium, "A New Design Towards Complete Nuclear Disarmament", Kyoto, Japan, August 28 - September 1, 1975.
6.7.
Correspondence re: Pugwash Workshop, "Averting Nuclear War: the Role of the Media", Bad Deutsch-Altenburg, Austria, June 12, 1980 - October 11-12, 1980.
6.8.
Draft Resolution, Correspondence, Program, Offprints re: Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Pugwash Meeting, Pugwash, Nova Scotia, July 16-17, 1982.
6.9.
Reprint, Ancillary Material: The Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, issued by The Council of the Pugwash Conferences, 1984.
6.10.
Publication: "The Pugwash Movement -- Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow. Secret Society or Generator of New Ideas?" Special supplement of New Times, 1988.
Articles: "The World of Science and Peace"; "This is Our Work", by Vitaly Goldansky; "The Birth of Pugwash", by Joseph Rotblat; "The New Way of Thinking", by Dorothy Hodgkin; "Europe: A Secure Continent", by Marian Dobrosielski & Maciej Nalecz; "Some Unconventional Thoughts on Conventional Forces", by John P. Holdren; "The Third World in the Fourth Dimension", by Anatoly Gromyko; "Common Goal", by Bhalchandra M. Udgaonkar; "Looking into the Future", by Sergi Kapitsa.
6.11.
Correspondence, Assorted Materials re: Pugwash movement, 1989-1993.
6.12.
Correspondence, Offprints re: International Student Pugwash, 1984-1985, 1992.

1.007. Proceedings of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, 1967, 1971.


7.1.
Publication: Proceedings of the Seventeenth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs; Scientists and World Affairs, Ronneyb, Sweden, September 3-8, 1967.
7.2.
Publication: Proceedings of the Twenty-First Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs; Problems of World Security, Environment and Development, Sinaia, Romania, August 26-31, 1971.

1.008. Proceedings of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, 1972.


8.1.
Publication: Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs; Scientists and World Affairs, Oxford, England, September 7-12, 1972.

1.009. Proceedings of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, 1973, 1976.


9.1.
Publication: Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs; European Security, Disarmament and Other Problems, Aulanko, Finland, August 30 - September 4, 1973.
9.2.
Publication: Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs; Development, Resources and World Security, Madras, India, January 13-19, 1976.

1.010. Proceedings of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, 1977-1978, 1980.


10.1.
Publication, Correspondence: Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs; Peace and Security in a Changing World,Munich,Federal Republic of Germany, August 24-29, 1977.
10.2.
Publication, Ancillary Material: Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs; Global Aspects of Disarmament and Security, Varna, Bulgaria, September 1-5, 1978.
10.3.
Publication: Proceedings of the Thirtieth Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs; Arms Limitations, Security and Development, Breukelen, The Netherlands, August 20-25, 1980.