Linus Pauling and the Structure of Proteins: A Documentary History All Documents and Media  
Home | Search | Narrative | Linus Pauling Day-By-Day

All Documents and Media

William T. Astbury
George W. Beadle
John Desmond Bernal
William Lawrence Bragg
Herman R. Branson
Dan H. Campbell
William B. Castle
Robert B. Corey
Francis H. C. Crick
Max Delbrück
Emil Fischer
Frank Blair Hanson
Maurice Huggins
Harvey A. Itano
John C. Kendrew
Karl Landsteiner
Alfred E. Mirsky
Carl G. Niemann
Linus Pauling
Max F. Perutz
Frederick Sanger
S. Jonathan Singer
Theodor (The) Svedberg
Alexander R. Todd
Warren Weaver
Dorothy Wrinch

View all Key Participants

Portrait of Francis Crick.
Portrait of Francis Crick. 1955.
More Info

Francis H. C. Crick


Francis Harry Compton Crick (1916-2004) Collection
Location: Wellcome Library
Address: 183 Euston Road, London NW1 2BE, United Kingdom
Size: 331 boxes, 12 oversize items
Finding Aid:
Phone: 44-020-7611-8722  
Email:  Web:

Francis Crick Personal Papers, 1938-2007
Location: Mandeville Special Collections Library, University of California, San Diego
Address: UCSD Libraries 0175S, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0175
Size: 25 archives boxes, 3 card file boxes and 5 oversize folders; 11.1 linear feet
Finding Aid:
Phone: 858-534-2533  Fax: 858-534-5950
Email:  Web:

Correspondence with A. V. Hill, 1947-1962
Location: Churchill Archives Center, Churchill College
Address: Cambridge, CB3 0DS, United Kingdom
Size: A component of The Papers of Professor A. V. Hill, series II 4/1-85, folder Correspondence C, Part 4
Finding Aid:
Phone: 44-1223-336087  Fax: 44-1223-336135
Email:  Web:



Pictures and Illustrations

Manuscript Notes and Typescripts


"The particular field which excites my interest is the division between the living and the non-living, as typified by, say, proteins, viruses, bacteria and the structure of chromosomes. The eventual goal, which is somewhat remote, is the description of these activities in terms of their structure, i.e. the spatial distribution of their constituent atoms, in so far as this may prove possible."

Francis Crick. Grant application to the Medical Research Council. 1947.

"[Corey and I] reached the conclusion, as did Crick, that in the alpha-keratin proteins the alpha helices are twisted together into ropes or cables. This idea essentially completed our understanding of the alpha-keratin diffraction patterns."

Linus Pauling. "The Discovery of the Alpha Helix." September 1982.

"Pauling was a more important figure in molecular biology than is sometimes realized. Not only did he make certain key discoveries (that sickle cell anemia is a molecular disease, for example), but he had the correct theoretical approach to these biological problems."

Francis Crick. What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery (New York: Basic Books). 1988.

"Time has shown that, so far, Pauling was right and Delbrück was wrong, as indeed Delbrück acknowledged in his book, Mind into Matter. Everything we know about molecular biology appears to be explainable in a standard chemical way."

Francis Crick. What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery (New York: Basic Books). 1988.

"I don't think it's right, really, to discuss the impact of Linus Pauling on molecular biology. Rather he was one of the founders of molecular biology. It wasn't that it existed in some way and he came down and put something on it. He was one of the founders who got the whole discipline going."

Francis Crick. "The Impact of Linus Pauling on Molecular Biology." February 28, 1995.

Audio Clips

Video Clips

Home | Search | Narrative | Linus Pauling Day-By-Day