Oregon State UniversitySpecial Collections & Archives Research Center

Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers, 1873-2013

13. Biographical. 1910-1996.

Holdings in this vast section -- arranged both according to subject and format -- document a number of themes from Linus Pauling's remarkable, complex life. An eclectic array of manuscript and typescript materials, correspondence, notebooks, newspaper clippings, government documents, legal documents, tax documents and receipts have been sorted into sub-sections labeled Academia, Political Issues, Legal, Business & Financial, and Personal Materials & Family Correspondence. In addition, over 2,700 pages of loose-leaf scrapbooks compiled by the Paulings have been cataloged on the item level and reside in the Biographical section.


317 boxes

3. Legal, 1960-1996.

Boxes 3.001 - 3.010 (Page: 1 - 10)



3.001.
Pauling v. Bellingham Publishing Company, 1960-1963, 1965, 1978.
1.1.
Court Document: "Complaint", Linus C. Pauling and Ava Helen Pauling, Plaintiffs, vs. Bellingham Publishing Company and John Doe, aka Martin Gegnor, Lee J. Adamson, Vern Hale, Jr. and Jack Laing, Defendants, District Court of the United States for the Western District of Washington, Northern Division, 1961.
1.2.
Typescripts with Notes: "Bellingham Herald Interrogatory", 1961.
1.3.
Court Document: "Pre-Trial Oral Deposition of Jack Laing", Linus C. Pauling and Ava Helen Pauling, Plaintiffs, vs. Bellingham Publishing Company and John Doe, aka Martin Gegnor, Lee J. Adamson, Vern Hale, Jr. and Jack Laing, Defendants, District Court of the United States for the Western District of Washington, Northern Division, July 27, 1961.
1.4.
Court Document: "Pre-Trial Oral Deposition of Ben Sefrit", Linus C. Pauling and Ava Helen Pauling, Plaintiffs, vs. Bellingham Publishing Company and John Doe, aka Martin Gegnor, Lee J. Adamson, Vern Hale, Jr. and Jack Laing, Defendants, District Court of the United States for the Western District of Washington, Northern Division, July 27, 1961.
1.5.
Court Document: "Pre-Trial Oral Deposition of Lee J. Adamson", Linus C. Pauling and Ava Helen Pauling, Plaintiffs, vs. Bellingham Publishing Company and John Doe, aka Martin Gegnor, Lee J. Adamson, Vern Hale, Jr. and Jack Laing, Defendants, District Court of the United States for the Western District of Washington, Northern Division, July 27, 1961.
1.6.
Court Document: "Interrogatories Preliminary to Deposition of Plaintiff", Linus C. Pauling and Ava Helen Pauling, Plaintiffs, vs. Bellingham Publishing Company and John Doe, aka Martin Gegnor, Lee J. Adamson, Vern Hale, Jr. and Jack Laing, Defendants, District Court of the United States for the Western District of Washington, Northern Division, August 7, 1961.
1.7.
Court Document: "Deposition of James Roosevelt", Linus C. Pauling and Ava Helen Pauling, Plaintiffs, vs. Bellingham Publishing Company and John Doe, aka Martin Gegnor, Lee J. Adamson, Vern Hale, Jr. and Jack Laing, Defendants, District Court of the United States for the Western District of Washington, Northern Division, October 20, 1961.
1.8.
Correspondence, Note to Self re: Pauling v. Bellingham Publishing Company, 1960-1963, 1965, 1978.

3.002.
Pauling v. Bellingham Publishing Company, 1960-1962.
2.1.
Newspaper Clipping: "Scientific Progress 'Astounding' -- Pauling", Bellingham [Washington] Herald, December 4, 1960.
2.2.
Newspaper Clipping: "Attack on Pauling Not Substantiated", Bellingham [Washington] Herald, December 4, 1960.
2.3.
Thermofaxed Newspaper Clipping: "Dr. Pauling Objects", Bellingham [Washington] Herald, December 20, 1960.
2.4.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling Sues Over Letters", Bellingham [Washington] Herald, March 14, 1961.
2.5.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling Sues Bellingham Newspaper", Seattle Times, March 15, 1961.
2.6.
Newspaper Clipping: "Correction", Bellingham [Washington] Herald, May 4, 1962.
2.7.
Press Release: "KGMI News learned yesterday...", [re: out of court settlement between LP and Bellingham [Washington] Herald] May 8, 1962.
2.8.
Article: "One Down, Three to Go", Frontier, June 1962. Reprinted in Portland (Ore.) Reporter, June 7, 1962.
2.9.
Court exhibits presented by the prosecution, Pauling v. Bellingham Publishing Company.

3.003.
Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1960-1967.
3.1.
Correspondence re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1960.
3.2.
Correspondence re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1961.
3.3.
Correspondence re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1962.
3.4.
Typescripts: Answers by Linus Pauling to Interrogatories, 6 June 1962; Further Answers by Linus Pauling to Interrogatories, 19 June 1962; Additional Statement about Alleged Membership in Organizations. Answer by Linus Pauling to Interrogatory. 21 June 1962.
3.5.
Correspondence re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1963.
3.6.
Correspondence re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1964.
3.7.
Typescript: Statement by Linus Pauling about St. Louis Trial, March 22, 1964.
3.8.
Correspondence re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1965.
3.9.
Correspondence re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1966.
3.10.
Correspondence re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1967.
3.11.
LP Notes to Self re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, No Date.

3.004.
Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1960-1964.
4.1.
Typescript: "Complaint for Declaratory Judgment and Injunction", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, August 2, 1960.
4.2.
Typescript, Correspondence: "Complaint", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, September 13, 1961.
4.3.
Typescript, Correspondence: "Interrogatories to Plaintiff", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, November 24, 1961.
4.4.
Offprint: "Answer", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, October 1961.
4.5.
Typescript: "Statement of Reasons in Support of Plaintiff's Motion to Strike Certain Portions of Defendant's Answer, or to Make More Definite and Certain", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, December 15, 1961.
4.6.
Typescript: "Motion to Strike Certain Portions of Defendant's Answer, or in the Alternative Motion for an Order to Make More Definite and Certain", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, December 15, 1961.
4.7.
Typescript: "Objections to Interrogatories", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, January 15, 1962.
4.8.
Offprint: "Order", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, March 13, 1962.
4.9.
Offprint: "Suggestions in Opposition to Plaintiff's Objections to Defendant's Interrogatories", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, April 1962.
4.10.
Typescript: "Plaintiff's Memorandum in Support of Objections to Interrogatories Propounded by Defendant", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, May 4, 1962.
4.11.
Offprint: "Order", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, June 1, 1962.
4.12.
Typescript, Correspondence: "Plaintiff's Answers to Defendant's Interrogatories", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, June 28, 1962.
4.13.
Offprint, Correspondence: "Defendant's Suggestions in Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion to Strike", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, June 29, 1962.
4.14.
Typescript: "Plaintiff's Reply Memorandum in Support of Motion to Strike Certain Portions of Defendant's Answer, or to Make More Definite and Certain", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, July 2, 1962.
4.15.
Typescript: "Interrogatories Propounded by Plaintiff to Defendant", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, August 1962.
4.16.
Offprint: "Combined Answers, Objections and Motions Respecting Interrogatories Propounded by Plaintiff to Defendant", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, August 1962.
4.17.
Typescript: "Motion to Require Further Answers to Interrogatories", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, September 1962.
4.18.
Offprint: "Amplification of Certain Answers to Plaintiff's Interrogatories", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, October 16, 1962.
4.19.
Offprint: "Order", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, December 10, 1962.
4.20.
Typescript: "Interrogatory Propounded by Plaintiff to Defendant, to be Answered by Richard H. Amberg, President of Defendant Corporation", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, April 1963.
4.21.
Typescript: "Statement of Reasons in Support of Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgement", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, April 24, 1963.
4.22.
Typescript: "Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgement", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, May 17, 1963.
4.23.
Typescript: "Statement of Reasons in Support of Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgement", No Date. [1963].
4.24.
Offprint, Correspondence: "Motion for Continuance", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, October 14, 1963.
4.25.
Offprint, Correspondence: "Instructions Given by the Court", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, March 20, 1964.
4.26.
Typescript, Correspondence: "Plaintiff's Motion to Set Aside Verdict, and Enter Directed Verdict for Plaintiff as to Liability", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, March 30, 1964.
4.27.
Typescript: "Memorandum in Support of Plaintiff's Motion to Set Aside Verdict and Grant a New Trial, and Motion to Enter Directed Verdict for Plaintiff as to Liability", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, August 6, 1964.

3.005.
Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1966.
5.1.
Court Document: "Brief of Appellant", Linus Pauling, Appellant, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Appellee, United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
5.2.
Court Document: "Appellee's Brief", Linus Pauling, Appellant, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Appellee, United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
5.3.
Court Document: "Appellant's Reply Brief", Linus Pauling, Appellant, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Appellee, United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
5.4.
Court Document: "Record", Linus Pauling, Appellant, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Appellee, United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
5.5.
Court Document: "Supplemental Record", Linus Pauling, Appellant, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Appellee, United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
5.6.
Court Document: "Petition for a Writ of Certiorari", Linus Pauling, Petitioner, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Respondent, in the Supreme Court of the United States, October Term, 1966.
5.7.
Court Document: "Brief in Opposition to Grant of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit", Linus Pauling, Petitioner, vs. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, Respondent, in the Supreme Court of the United States, October Term, 1966.
5.8.
Correspondence, Typescript: "Notice to Take Depositions Pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure", Linus Pauling, Plaintiff, vs. Globe Democrat Publishing Company, Defendant, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, 1963, November 20, 1966.

3.006.
Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1960-1967.
6.1.
Correspondence: E. U. Condon, re: Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company, 1960-1961.
6.2.
Newspaper Clipping: "Group Here Used by Reds, Study Reports", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, October 16, 1960.
6.3.
Newspaper Clipping: "Condon Statement Replies to Editorial", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, October 16, 1960.
6.4.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pro and Con Editorial 'Glorification of Deceit'", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, October 16, 1960.
6.5.
Newspaper Clipping: "Senator Gives Views on Pauling Hearings", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, October 24, 1960.
6.6.
Thermofaxed Newspaper Clipping: "Peace Offer 'Threat'", New York Times, October 30, 1960.
6.7.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling's Appeal Dumped", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, November 23, 1960.
6.8.
Newspaper Clipping: "The Pauling Petition", Tacoma (Wash.) News-Tribune, March 1, 1961.
6.9.
Newspaper Clipping: "Evangelist, Followers Picket Washington U., Seek Red Inquiry", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 20, 1961.
6.10.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling Rebuked", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, March 20, 1961.
6.11.
Newspaper Clippings: "100 Students Heckle Critic of Washington U.", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 21, 1961; "The Pauling Fiasco", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 21, 1961.
6.12.
Newspaper Clipping: "Baptist Group Pickets WU; Demands Inquiry", WU Student Life, (Washington University) March 21, 1961.
6.13.
Newspaper Clipping: "Bullyragging",The Washington Post, March 22, 1961.
6.14.
Newspaper Clipping: "Equal Time for Beeny Proves Disconcerting", WU Student Life, (Washington University) March 24, 1961.
6.15.
Newspaper Clipping: "Student Peace Committee to Study Armament Race", WU Student Life, (Washington University) April 4, 1961.
6.16.
Newspaper Clipping: "Students Walk for Peace, Fight Lethargy of Public", WU Student Life, (Washington University) April 7, 1961.
6.17.
Newspaper Clippings: "Evangelist Says He Resigned as Pastor Over 'Differences'", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, April 9, 1961; "Join the Enslaved?" and "Morality Untried", WU Student Life, (Washington University) March 1961.
6.18.
Article: "No News in St. Louis", The New Republic, February 12, 1962.
6.19.
Newspaper Clipping: "Red N-Tests 6X Worse, Pauling Says Here", The Oregon Journal, May 4, 1962.
6.20.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling Belittles Nuclear Inspection", The Oregonian, [LP annotations: "Something Wrong with The Oregonian, Not the Paper I Remember, Pejorative, Misleading, Suppresses my Discussion of Underground Tests, Underground Tests Not Mentioned in Article, No Mention of Dinner, The only paper I've seen that suppressed this news, 'We Print All the News that Serves Our Purpose'"] May 5, 1962.
6.21.
Newspaper Clipping: "The Lyons Den", New York Post, May 9, 1962.
6.22.
Newspaper Clippings: "Judge Tells Jury at Faulk Trial Truth of Libel Must Be Proved", New York Times, May 29, 1962; "Founder Testifies Aware, Inc., Never 'Blacklisted' Performers", New York Times, May 30, 1962.
6.23.
Article: "He's a New Kind of Press Lord", Business Week, June 23, 1962.
6.24.
Articles: "She Ain't What She Used to Be", Time, November 9, 1962; "'A Wonderful Way Out'", Time, November 9, 1962.
6.25.
Newspaper Clipping: "Dr. Linus Pauling Gets '62 Nobel Peace Prize", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, October 11, 1963.
6.26.
Newspaper Clipping: "Dr. Martin Niemoeller to Preach this Week", Publication Unknown, March 14-15, 1964.
6.27.
Newspaper Clipping: "Dr. Linus Pauling Libel Suit Opens Here", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, March 17, 1964.
6.28.
Newspaper Clipping: "Pauling's Wife Testifies in His Libel Suit", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, March 18, 1964.
6.29.
Newspaper Clipping: "Testimony Ends in Pauling Suit", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, March 19, 1964.
6.30.
Newspaper Clipping: "Globe-Democrat Wins Pauling Libel Suit", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, March 20, 1964.
6.31.
Newspaper Clipping: "Supreme Court Upholds Globe Against Pauling", St. Louis Globe-Democrat, June 13, 1967.
6.32.
Typescripts, Background Material Used for Pauling v. Globe-Democrat Publishing Company: "List of Petition Signers and Submitters: Sub-Committee Testimony", 1957-1961; "Soviet Marxist View of Matter: The Theory of Resonance Controversy", 1960; "Publications and Organizations", 1962.

3.007.
Pauling v. The Hearst Corporation and King Features Syndicate, Inc., 1960-1961.
7.1.
Court Document: "Examination of Plaintiff Linus C. Pauling", Linus C. Pauling, Plaintiff, against The Hearst Corporation and King Features Syndicate, Inc., Defendants, United States District Court, Southern District of New York, June 5, 1961.
7.2.
Correspondence re: Pauling v. The Hearst Corporation and King Features Syndicate, Inc., 1960-1961.

3.008.
Pauling v. National Review, Buckley, et al., 1963-1964.
8.1.
Legal Document: "As and for a first cause of action...", Linus C. Pauling, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, January 2, 1963.
8.2.
Legal Document: "Answering the first cause of action...", Linus C. Pauling, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, 1963.
8.3.
Bound Legal Document: "Examination of defendants National Review, Inc., by William F. Buckley, Jr., and William F. Buckley, Jr., individually...December 3, 1963", Fowler Vincent Harper, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.
8.4.
Bound Legal Document: "Deposition of Linus C. Pauling...January 6, 1964", Linus C. Pauling, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.

3.009.
Pauling v. National Review, Buckley, et al., 1964.
9.1.
Legal Document: "Continued examination of defendant National Review, Inc., by James Burnham...January 30, 1964", Fowler Vincent Harper, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.
9.2.
Bound Legal Document: "Examination of defendant William A. Rusher...March 20, 1964", Fowler Vincent Harper, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.
9.3.
Bound Legal Document: "Continued examination of defendant William A. Rusher...June 3, 1964", Fowler Vincent Harper, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.
9.4.
Bound Legal Document: "Continued examination of defendant William A. Rusher...July 6, 1964", Fowler Vincent Harper, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.
9.5.
Bound Legal Document: "Continued examination of William A. Rusher...July 7, 1964", Fowler Vincent Harper, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.

3.010.
Pauling v. National Review, Buckley, et al., 1965-1966.
10.1.
Bound Legal Document: "Continued hearing before Hon. Milton Pollack...May 5, 1965", [Testimony of Linus Pauling] Linus C. Pauling, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.
10.2.
Legal Document: "...motion to dismiss the complaint at the close of the plaintiff's case...", April 19, 1966, Linus C. Pauling, Plaintiff, against National Review, Inc., William A. Rusher and William F. Buckley, Jr., Defendants, Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.