The Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers is the Special Collections & Archives Research Center's cornerstone history of science and technology collection. It is an archival research collection of more than 500,000 items which chronicles the life and work of OSU alumnus Dr. Linus Pauling, the only person in history to have received two unshared Nobel Prizes (Chemistry, 1954; Peace, 1962). The archive includes Pauling's numerous awards, over 100 hours of audiovisual material, his mammoth correspondence with many of the most prominent figures of the twentieth century, a significant trove of molecular models constructed by Pauling, and much more. The collection serves the research interests of scholars from around the world.
Another significant area within the history of science and technology is the History of Atomic Energy Collection, the largest of the many nuclear history collections held within SCARC. Comprised of more than 3,000 books, serials, photographs, and cultural artifacts, this collection is a major resource for research on the technologies, politics, and social attitudes that informed the nuclear age. The collection contains sixteen series ranging from early discoveries, to modern nuclear engineering, to civil defense.
Other subject strengths within the History of Science collections include the history of chemistry; the history of genetics; the history of physics; the history of medicine, especially nutrition; natural history; and the history of cultivation, husbandry, agricultural science, and botany.