skip to main content
Oregon State University
Special Collections and Archives
Research Center

History of Science Oral History Collection, 2009-2015View associated digital content.

The History of Science Oral History Collection consists primarily of interviews with scientists, with special emphasis placed on individuals who knew and worked with Linus Pauling. Also included are interviews with members of the Pauling family as well as interviews with family members of other scientists.
ID: OH 017
Extent: 0.0
More Extent Information
Scope and Content Notes
Biographical / Historical Notes
Statement on Access:

Permission to examine the History of Science Oral History Collection will be granted to qualified researchers upon completion of an "Application for Use" form, and contingent upon the researcher's agreement to abide by the rules and policies governing collection use. See the Use of Collections page for more information.

Access to Cheryl Pauling interview #1 is granted by permission of Cheryl Pauling only.

Arrangement
Preferred Citation: History of Science Oral History Collection (OH 017), Oregon State University Special Collections and Archives Research Center, Corvallis, Oregon.
Acquisition Note: All interviews were conducted by OSU Libraries Special Collections & Archives Research Center staff, sometimes in concert with other colleagues as indicated.
Acquired: Future additions to this collection are anticipated.
Languages of Materials
Other

Container List

Series 1: Interview, 2009 Add to Shelf
Extent: 1 sound file; 1 video file
Digital File 1: Hedberg, Kenneth, May 12, 2009 Add to Shelf
Hedberg discusses his time as a graduate and post-doctoral student at the California Institute of Technology, making particular mention of his interactions with notable figures working in chemistry and physics at Caltech in the 1940s and 1950s. [Interview conducted by Cliff Mead. Interview originally videotaped, later transferred to audio wav format.]
Extent: 34:27
Series 2: Interviews, 2011 Add to Shelf
Extent: 14 sound files
Digital File 2: Lawson, Stephen, August 26, 2011 Add to Shelf
Lawson discusses his background before his employment with the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine; his hiring and initial role at LPISM; his early interactions with Linus Pauling and the evolution of their relationship over time, including scientific collaborations; Pauling's personality and work style; and memories of Ava Helen Pauling. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:30:40
Digital File 3: Mathews, Christopher, September 2, 2011 Add to Shelf
Mathews discusses his personal interests and professional pursuits as a biochemist and textbook author. Major themes discussed include Mathews' childhood; his education at Reed College and the University of Washington; his interactions with Linus Pauling and the Pauling family; the evolution of his research interests; his relationship with Seymour Cohen, an important mentor; serving on the faculty at Yale University and the University of Arizona; the decision to move to Oregon State University; administrative responsibilities at OSU; co-authoring the textbook Biochemistry with Kensal van Holde; points of pride; and his interest in the practice of medicine. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:59:05
Digital File 4: Hedberg, Kenneth, September 9, 2011 Add to Shelf
Hedberg discusses his youth in southern Oregon and Washington, including life during the Great Depression; his early interest in science; and his beginning college years at Southern Oregon College. He then details his undergraduate experience at Oregon State College including social life, academics, mentors and undergraduate research. From there he discusses his draft deferment during World War II; war work that he conducted for Shell Development Company; and his arrival for graduate studies at the California Institute of Technology. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:30:11
Digital File 5: Lawson, Stephen, September 19, 2011 Add to Shelf
Lawson shares his memories of interactions with members of Linus Pauling's family; the donation of Pauling's papers to Oregon State University; the Pauling home at Deer Flat Ranch; thoughts on specific aspects of Pauling's personality; opinions on biographies written about Pauling; and Pauling's final illness, death and memorial. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 54:35
Digital File 6: Hedberg, Kenneth, September 20, 2011 Add to Shelf
Hedberg discusses his graduate and post-doctoral research at Caltech; his Guggenheim Fellowship to Norway; life in Norway; meeting and marrying Lise Smedvik; relationships built at Caltech including interactions with Verner Schomaker and Linus Pauling; memories of other Caltech colleagues; and recollections of the Pauling household. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:28:48
Digital File 7: Pauling, Linus, Jr., September 23, 2011 Add to Shelf
Pauling discusses memories of his parents, with a particular focus on his mother, Ava Helen Pauling. Subjects touched upon include Ava Helen's civic engagement; the family's interest in cars; Linus Jr.'s military service; Pauling family dynamics including relationships between siblings and between children and parents; family habits and customs; the relationship shared by Linus Jr.'s parents; his parents' social lives; their attitudes toward money; Peter Pauling and his family; and Linus Pauling's resignation from Caltech in 1963. [Interview conducted by Mina Carson and Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:47:45
Digital File 8: Hedberg, Kenneth, September 29, 2011 Add to Shelf
Hedberg discusses memories of Ava Helen Pauling; his acceptance of a job offer from Oregon State College; his return to Corvallis; setting up a research program at OSC; building an electron diffraction apparatus; techniques used to study molecules over the years; interesting molecules studied; teaching at OSU; Lise Hedberg's work at OSU; the evolution of computer use in the OSU Chemistry Department; and the "final folders" produced as a function of his work. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:31:04
Digital File 9: Hedberg, Kenneth, October 20, 2011 Add to Shelf
Hedberg discusses the history of the Pauling Papers and Oregon State University; hosting the Ava Helen and Linus Pauling in Corvallis; memories of other OSU friends and colleagues; his connection to Norway and his interactions with Norwegian scientists; individuals important to the history of chemistry at OSU; memorable interactions with graduate and post-doctoral students; a unique trip to Japan; and points of pride looking back on a long life. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:52:45
Digital File 10: Lawson, Stephen, November 8, 2011 Add to Shelf
Lawson discusses his employment interview with the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine; the LPISM facility; and the personal and professional characteristics of certain of its critical employees. Among those discussed are Arthur Robinson, Emile Zuckerkandl, Ewan Cameron and Frank Catchpool. Lawson also discusses the Mayo Clinic controversy; the funding model utilized by LPISM; the Institute's move to a new facility in 1980; and various research programs and funding initiatives undertaken by the Institute during the 1980s. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:15:56
Digital File 11: Lawson, Stephen, November 11, 2011 Add to Shelf
Lawson discusses the response of the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine to the Mayo Clinic controversy; research conducted by Ewan Cameron at LPISM; response to Linus Pauling's book How to Live Longer and Feel Better; research on vitamin C and AIDS conducted by Cameron and Raxit Jariwalla; the personal and professional characteristics of Matthias Rath; LPISM's response to a rezoning effort initiated by the city of Palo Alto; the departures of Emile Zuckerkandl and Rick Hicks from LPISM; the death of Ewan Cameron; the departure of Matthias Rath and subsequent litigation; the role assumed by Linus Pauling Jr. in administering LPISM; important financial donations to LPISM; the Institute's relationship with the Elizabeth Arden company; and the impact on LPISM of Linus Pauling's death. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:33:09
Digital File 12: Lawson, Stephen, November 14, 2011 Add to Shelf
Lawson discusses his assumption of the role of Chief Executive Officer of the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine; the Linus Pauling Heart Foundation; the process by which it was decided that LPISM would move from Palo Alto, California to the campus of Oregon State University; negotiating the move to Oregon; early allies at OSU; important hires made once at OSU; changing the Institute's name to the Linus Pauling Institute; lingering litigation; the creation of the Micronutrient Information Center; research on intravenous vitamin C; the LPI Prize for Health Research; the Linus Pauling Science Center and future endeavors for LPI. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:25:24
Digital File 13: Lawson, Stephen, December 15, 2011 Add to Shelf
Lawson shares his memories of many individuals who either worked at or were otherwise affiliated with the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine. Notable figures include Zelek Herman, Dorothy Munro, Richard Hicks, Raxit Jariwalla, Constance Tsao, Akira Murata, Fukumi Morishige, William Aberth, Wolcott Dunham, Irwin Stone, Bruce Ames, Lester Packer and Mark Levine. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:28:21
Digital File 14: Kordesch, Erna, December 28, 2011 Add to Shelf
Kordesch shares her memories of life in Europe and the United States including her childhood interests and family background; meeting and marrying Karl Kordesch; Karl's military service; life in Vienna during World War II; the family's move to the U.S. under the auspices of Operation Paperclip; life as an immigrant in the U.S.; Karl's research interests; and travels in the U.S. and abroad. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen and Trevor Sandgathe]
Extent: 33:31
Digital File 15: Kordesch, Albert, December 28, 2011 Add to Shelf
Kordesch shares his memories of growing up as an immigrant child in New Jersey. He also discusses his father Karl's personality and work habits; stories that Karl told about his childhood; the significance of Karl's battery innovations; Karl's interest in electric cars and his hydrogen-powered car; Karl's business relationships; and the importance of Karl's "Box Zero." [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen and Trevor Sandgathe]
Extent: 53:02
Series 3: Interviews, 2012 Add to Shelf
Extent: 11 sound files; 1 video file
Digital File 16: Pauling, Linus, Jr., February 28, 2012 Add to Shelf
Deposited here is a recording of an oral history interview that was conducted before an audience of students and faculty at Linus Pauling Middle School, (Corvallis, OR) held in commemoration of the 111th anniversary of Linus Pauling's birth. The interview consisted primarily of Linus Pauling Jr.'s remarks on various photographs from his childhood that were projected onto a screen for all to view. Once the photographs had been reviewed, the audience was invited to ask their own questions. The event was moderated by Mina Carson and Chris Petersen, and was recorded for both video and audio.
Extent: 1:00:19
Digital File 17: Pauling, Cheryl, March 9, 2012 Add to Shelf

Pauling discusses her upbringing and her memories of interactions with her grandparents, Linus and Ava Helen Pauling.

This recording is restricted - access and use are granted by permission of Cheryl Pauling only. [Interview conducted by Mina Carson and Chris Petersen]

Extent: 1:41:01
Digital File 18: Pauling, Cheryl, March 9, 2012 Add to Shelf
Pauling shares memories of her father, Edward Crellin Pauling. Subjects discussed include Crellin's recollections of his own childhood and his relationship with his siblings; Lucy Neilan Mills, Crellin's first wife and Cheryl's mother; Crellin's personal and professional interests; his personality and sense of humor; trips to see Linus and Ava Helen Pauling at Deer Flat Ranch; interactions with Crellin's second wife, Kay Pauling; and Crellin's final illness and death. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 53:20
Digital File 19: Pauling, Kay, March 13, 2012 Add to Shelf
Pauling principally discusses her relationship with her second husband, Edward Crellin Pauling, and with her mother-in-law, Ava Helen Pauling. Specific topics discussed include Kay's professional background; Crellin's professional background and research interests; his memories of his childhood; Pauling family dynamics including relationships with parents and between siblings; Crellin's personality; Kay's first meeting Crellin, the blossoming of their relationship and their wedding; specific interactions with Ava Helen; interactions with the Miller family; interactions with Linus Pauling; Ava Helen and Linus Pauling as grandparents; Ava Helen's final illness and death; the Pauling family and Unitarianism; Crellin, Kay and their family's move from Riverside, California to Portola Valley, California; Linus Pauling's final illness and death; and Crellin's executorship of the Pauling estate amidst his own final illness. [Interview conducted by Mina Carson and Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:38:29
Digital File 20: Pauling, Linus, Jr., June 3, 2012 Add to Shelf
Pauling discusses his childhood including his having been left with relatives during his parents' Guggenheim trip to Europe in 1926; visits to and playing at the Caltech campus; Linus Jr.'s youthful interest in reading; his experience of grammar school and high school; childhood friends including friendships with Caltech graduate students; the neighborhoods of his youth; family pets; chores and childhood jobs; the family's interests in music; youthful impressions of his parents' relationship; memories of Pasadena; and memories of the births of Peter and Linda Pauling. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:39:35
Digital File 21: Pauling, Linus, Jr., June 4, 2012 Add to Shelf
Pauling discusses his memories of his brother Edward Crellin Pauling on the occasion of the seventy-fifth anniversary of Crellin's birth. He then shares more recollections from his own early years including family camping trips to the desert; his father's nephritis diagnosis and subsequent treatment; Linus Jr.'s brief undergraduate stint at UC-Berkeley; his military experience and international travel during World War II; attending Cal Poly Pomona on the GI Bill; meeting and marrying Anita Oser; Anita's family background and the impact of her family's wealth on Linus Jr.'s circumstances; a brief meeting with Frank Lloyd Wright; Anita's relationship with Linus and Ava Helen Pauling; and Pauling family Christmas traditions. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:55:18
Digital File 22: Pauling, Stephanie, June 5, 2012 Add to Shelf
Pauling discusses her life as a Japanese-American native of Hawaii and her nearly thirty years of marriage to Linus Pauling, Jr. Subjects discussed include the cultural norms specific to her experience as the child of Japanese immigrants living on Oahu; her first interactions with and marriage to Linus Pauling, Jr.; her interactions and relationship with Ava Helen Pauling, Linus Pauling and their children; visits to the Pauling homes at Deer Flat Ranch, Pasadena and Portola Valley; Linus Pauling's final illness and death; Linus Pauling, Jr.'s involvement with the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine; and her experience of living with Linus Jr. in an architecturally significant home overlooking Honolulu. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:41:16
Digital File 23: Pauling, Linus, Jr., June 5, 2012 Add to Shelf
Pauling continues sharing his life history, first recounting and commenting on his time as a medical student at Harvard University. Other subjects discussed include his choice of psychiatry as a profession; his move to Hawaii in 1952; the building of his home, designed by Vladimir Ossipoff; his relationship with Ossipoff; becoming involved in the community of Honolulu; his father's interest in orthomolecular psychiatry; the beginnings and evolution of his involvement with the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine; LPISM's move to Oregon State University; personal reflections on specific staff members at LPISM; and the family's Nobel trips to Sweden (1954) and Norway (1963). [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:47:16
Digital File 24: Pauling, Linus, Jr., June 6, 2012 Add to Shelf
Pauling shares his recollections of a number of subjects related to his life and the lives of his family members. Topics discussed include his travel; Hawaiian statehood; the dissolution of his marriage to Anita Oser; the lives of his five children; his activities following his divorce including his participation in the march on Selma; his father's peace activism; his father's interactions with the University of Hawaii and Hawaiian colleagues; meeting Stephanie Onishi and his relationship with Stephanie's daughter, Carrie; the transfer of the Pauling Papers to Oregon State University; Pauling-related events including the Pauling Legacy Award; the financial impact of General Chemistry; and the family's long interest in cars, especially Porsches. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:55:41
Digital File 25: Pauling, Linus, Jr., June 7, 2012 Add to Shelf
Pauling shares recollections mostly related to his parents including his father's work with Harvey Itano on sickle cell anemia; the "race" to discover the structure of DNA; his parents' world tour following the Nobel Chemistry Prize; allegations of his father's ethnic prejudices; the purchase and development of Deer Flat Ranch, including the construction of China Camp; the United Nations bomb test petition; his father's "cliff incident"; his father's tenures at institutions following Caltech including the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions and Stanford University; his father's colleagues in health and nutrition research; Ava Helen's declining health and death; aspects of his father's life alone; and aspects of his father's personality. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:55:53
Digital File 26: Pauling, Linus, Jr., June 8, 2012 Add to Shelf
Pauling discusses his memories and interactions with a number of individuals including his siblings Peter and Linda, and their families. He also discusses his parents' childhoods and their wedding; his father's relationship with Lloyd Jeffress; his father's various offices; his father's various biographers; Pauline and Lucile Pauling; Sidney Weinbaum; A. A. Noyes; spending summers with Albert Tyler and the Tyler family; the opening of the Linus Pauling Science Center at Oregon State University; and what it has meant to him to be a Pauling. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 2:02:30
Series 4: Interviews, 2013 Add to Shelf
Extent: 11 sound files
Digital File 27: Carson, Mina, May 20, 2013 Add to Shelf
Carson discusses her process in writing the biography of Ava Helen Pauling and also shares her insights into Ava Helen's activities and personality. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen. A slightly edited version of the transcript to this interview was published on the Pauling Blog in two parts: Part 1; Part 2.]
Extent: 36:08
Digital File 28: Karplus, Martin, July 23, 2013 Add to Shelf
Karplus discusses his association with E. Bright Wilson, Jr.; his editorial work on a revised version of Pauling and Wilson's textbook Introduction to Quantum Mechanics; his years as a graduate student at the California Institute of Technology; and his associations with Linus Pauling and others on the Caltech campus in the early 1950s. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:10:20
Digital File 29: Mead, Clifford, July 24, 2013 Add to Shelf
Mead discusses his background prior to assuming the position of Head of Special Collections in the Oregon State University Libraries; the early years of Special Collections and the Pauling Papers at OSU; his interactions with Linus Pauling; individuals at OSU instrumental to the operations of Special Collections in its earliest years; and early projects related to the Pauling Papers. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 55:29
Digital File 30: Mead, Clifford, July 25, 2013 Add to Shelf
Mead discusses an early Special Collections digitization project using Laserfiche; interactions with Tom Hager and Hager's research process as a Pauling biographer; the resolution of the Pauling estate following Linus Pauling's death; the arrival of the full Pauling Papers in Corvallis; interactions with the Pauling family; fundraising for and construction of a new Special Collections facility. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:07:24
Digital File 31: Mead, Clifford, August 7, 2013 Add to Shelf
Mead discusses his interactions with library donors; Special Collections collaborations with Soka Gakkai International including a world-wide traveling exhibit; interactions with the Linus Pauling Institute; the creation of the "Linus Pauling and the Race for DNA" documentary history website; the creation of the "Linus Pauling Day-by-Day" website; the Pauling Centenary Conference and centenary volume, "Linus Pauling: Scientist and Peacemaker." [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 58:26
Digital File 32: Spitzer, Ralph, September 18, 2013 Add to Shelf
Spitzer discusses his childhood and family growing up in Brooklyn, New York; his high school experience and undergraduate days at Cornell University; his graduate schooling at the California Institute of Technology; his scientific war work, including research on underwater explosives in Woods Hole, Massachusetts; a post-doctoral fellowship with Kenneth Pitzer at the University of California, Berkeley; and the earlier chapters of his relationship with Teresa Spitzer. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:04:23
Digital File 33: Spitzer, Ralph, September 19, 2013 Add to Shelf
Spitzer discusses his years as a faculty member at Oregon State College including his firing by OSC President August Strand; traveling in Europe and being imprisoned; his short tenure at the University of Kansas City; appearing for the Senate Internal Subcommittee on Subversive Influences in Higher Education; moving his family to Winnipeg and beginning medical school; traveling around the world including a school year in New Zealand; relocating to Vancouver, BC and starting the firm C.J. Coady Associates; extracurricular interests including the construction and use of a large pipe organ; and thoughts on family including his two children, Teresa Spitzer and Hisako Kurotaki. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:41:43
Digital File 34: Kurotaki, Hisako, September 20, 2013 Add to Shelf
Kurotaki discusses her early years growing up in Japan; her emigration to and settling in Canada; meeting and befriending Teresa Spitzer; Teresa's death and marrying Ralph Spitzer; their travels together; and recollections of stories from various chapters in Ralph's life. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:18:37
Digital File 35: Spitzer, Ralph and Hisako Kurotaki, September 20, 2013 Add to Shelf
In this recording, Spitzer and Kurotaki review family photographs with the interviewer, noting specific details about a given photograph and relaying stories that come to mind. Of particular interest is Spitzer's recollection of an incident in which he broke his back cycling in France at the age of 70. Nine born digital photographs discussed in this recording are held on file. [Recording facilitated by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 13:06
Digital File 36: Richter, Robert, September 26, 2013 Add to Shelf
Richter recounts his experience of writing, producing and directing the Nova documentary "Linus Pauling: Crusading Scientist." In so doing he discusses the genesis of the project; his association with Nova; his memories of working with Linus and Ava Helen Pauling; the process of creating the film, including numerous location shots; early computer animations used in the production; the legacy of the film and its impact on Richter. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 51:25
Digital File 37: Spitzer, Eloise, September 30, 2013 Add to Shelf
Spitzer discusses her educational and professional background; her memories of growing up in the Spitzer's Vancouver household; her parents' personalities and parenting styles; a year spent traveling around the world, including nine months in New Zealand; her parents' careers and volunteer work; the genesis and shape of their political interests and activism; her parents social lives and extracurricular pursuits; her brother Matthew's battles with mental illness and her parents' advocacy for the mentally ill; her mother's death and her father's marriage to Hisako Kurotaki; and her recollections of stories from various chapters in her father's life. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 1:36:48
Series 5: Interview, 2015 Add to Shelf
Extent: 1 sound file
Digital File 38: Kaiser, Matthew, February 26, 2015 Add to Shelf
Kaiser discusses his research on the treatment of colon cancer with intravenous vitamin C; his experience of conducting and communicating high-level research as an undergraduate; the working environment at the Linus Pauling Institute; his delivery of a TEDx talk on innovations in science and technology that fundamentally change human nature; and his own ambitions for the future. [Interview conducted by Chris Petersen]
Extent: 0:44:34