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- Articles: "Principles of Freedom Must Now be Defended," Deane W. Malott; "The Scholar's Obligation," Howard University Conference on "Academic Freedom in the United States;" "the Teaching Profession Has Always Been Loyal," Carl R. Woodward. All in What Colleges are Doing, Ginn and Company, No. 98 [LP Biographical: Box 2.039, Folder 39.23]
- Letter from Crellin Pauling to Ava Helen Pauling. [Filed under LP Biographical: Box 5.048, Folder 48.3]
I'm glad that you're enjoying yourselves. I'm just fine. I'm afraid I fear leading a rather
hectic week, but since it is after finals I don't care.
The Porsche is just fine. I've used it a little. I got the little dent fixed, & just had it lubed.
I used it while my car was getting its top. The top is really beautiful. I know Linus makes
comments about the Porsche. Make some back, about his big, heavy, truck-like Jeep. I didn't get
to the race it rained, I was sleepy. I didn't have too much energy, no one to go with, etc. I was
going to go with [Peter?], but I had a date Sat. night & he left Sat. morning. I'm taking Mary
Ellen to the concert on Sun. I hope you don't mind.
- The National Nephrosis Foundation, Inc. Newsletter (Vol. II, No. 1) [Filed under LP Science: (National Nephrosis Foundation, Inc., 1954-1958), Box #14.026, Folder 26.1]
- The Rockefeller Foundation makes a conditional grant of $1,500,000 to Caltech for research in chemical biology (the condition is that the Institute must match the Foundation's grant in a period of three years).
- The Virial Theorem in Metals [RNB 27]
- AHP writes cheque to: San Gabriel Valley Swimming Pool Service amount $25.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- LP writes cheque to: Collector of Internal Revenue amount $1000.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- Letter from LP to Southern Commercial and Savings Bank. [LP Biographical: Box 4.023, Folder 23.3]
2 January 1954
Southern Commercial and Savings Bank
30 South Rosemead Blvd.
I enclose my savings department book.
Will you please transfer $3000 from my savings account to my commercial account.
- AHP writes cheque to: George Miller amount $75.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- Magazine Article: "Weizman Institute Convocation," Chemical and Engineering News, January 4, 1954. [Filed under LP Biographical: Box 6.006, Folder 6.58]
- Southern Commercial and Savings Bank account charged $1.75 for personalized checks for AHP
- Letter from Beatrice Wulf to Jean Sanford, W.H. Freeman and Co., RE: Wulf says that she is sending translations of the two foreign reviews that Sanford sent some time ago. She apologizes for the delay in getting them back. [Filed under LP Manuscripts of Books, 1950b1.4]
- Letter from Jean Sanford, W.H. Freeman and Co., to Beatrice Wulf, RE: Sanford thanks Wulf for letting her know about the error in the answers to the problems in College Chemistry, and says that she will make the correction on the answer sheets. [Filed under LP Manuscripts of Books, 1950b1.4]
- Letter from Raymond T. Woodhams to LP RE: Enclosed first paper in a series of eight on "Resonating Semipolar Single Bond" by Shamim-Ahmad and asking LP's opinion of it, especially since LP's scale of electronegativity has been criticized on the basis of this theory. [LP's reply January 15, 1954] [Filed under W: Correspondence 1954, Box #444.2]
- Letter from W. H. Freeman to LP RE: Asking LP's opinion on publishing an English translation of Goldschmidt's Crystal Chemistry [LP's reply January 18, 1954] [Filed under Correspondence: W. H. Freeman and Company 1954, Box #439.12]
- Letter from W. H. Freeman to LP RE: Requesting LP's permission to allow a children's encyclopedia to use his illustration of the molecular structure of crystal and change the caption slightly. [LP's reply January 18, 1954] [Filed under Correspondence: W. H. Freeman and Company 1954, Box #439.12]
- Memorandum from LP to Pres. L. A. DuBridge, California Institute of Technology, RE: Discusses the budget increase. [LP Biographical: Box 1.030, Folder 30.4]
January 5, 1954
TO: President L. A. DuBridge
FROM: Linus Pauling
SUBJECT: Budget increase
Dr. J. B. Koepfli desires to return to his work at the Institute beginning 1 January 1954. His return to the payroll following his leave of absence has been recommended to the Dean of the Faculty.
To provide for his salary through the six months which remain in the fiscal year, I request that Account 501-23000 be increased by $1800.
cc: Dean Watson
- Telegram from Douglas McGregor, President, Antioch College, to LP RE: Hopes that his received his previous invitation and that he accepts it. Asks to be informed of his decision via wire collect. [Letter from Wulf to McGregor January 6, 1954][Filed under LP Speeches: 1954s.1]
- Airline ticket: American Airlines from Washington DC to Chicago to Los Angeles [Filed under LP Travel: Box #1.001, Folder 1.12]
- Letter from Beatrice Wulf, Secretary to LP, to President Douglas McGregor, Antioch College RE: Informs that LP will be back later in the week and that he will make his decision when possible. Handwritten note on bottom half: LP accepts the invitation to visit Antioch. [Telegram from McGregor to LP January 5, 1954][Letter from McGregor to LP December 16, 1953, January 14, 1954] [Filed under LP Speeches: 1954s.1]
- Letter from James N. Shoolery, Varian Associates to LP RE: Questions LP about the merit of pursuing a study of amino acids with high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. Letter from Walter Schroeder attached concerning the study of amino acids and where to purchase samples of the acids for study [Reply from LP January 15, 1954] [Filed under S: Correspondence 1954, Box #379.2]
- Memorandum from Carl Niemann, C. I. T., to Beatrice Wulf, Secretary to LP, RE: Asks her to prepare for submission to the Faculty Board, a statement regarding the change in regulations discussed and passed by the Division. [Filed under LP Biographical: Academia: Box #1.030, Folder #30.8]
- AHP writes cheque to George Miller amount $75.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- Copy of letter from Hubert M. James for Clyde Hutchinson RE: Review of article by Drs. Braunstein and Simpson recommending publication with the note that the article is marginal. [Filed under C: Correspondence, 1954 Box #74.22].
- Letter from Dr. Ernst Leva to LP RE: Enclosed MS and request for aid in finding a position [Next letter from Leva March 7, 1954; LP reply April 5, 1954]
- Letter from Jean Sanford, W.H. Freeman and Co., to Beatrice Wulf . RE: Sanford thanks Wulf for the translations of the French reviews, and says to express her appreciation to the translator. [Filed under LP Manuscripts of Books, 1953b.2]
- Letter from Margaret Cooper, W.H. Freeman and Co., to LP . RE: Freeman has asked Cooper to send LP a draft (enclosed), and would like LP to send back any criticisms he has. Cooper says that Freeman also wants LP to know that he hopes to go to some chemistry teachers regarding the question of omissions. [Filed under LP Manuscripts of Books, 1950b1.4]
- Notes on Collagen by LP. [Filed under LP Research Notebooks: Box #28R]
- Article: "The last four lectures of the Harvey Society...", Publication Unknown, January 8, 1954. [Filed under LP Biographical: Box 6.006, Folder 6.46]
- Letter from Bryce Crawford, W.H. Eberharddt, and W.N. Lipscomb to LP RE: Creation of a mnemonic to recall the order of the rare earth elements with a tribute to LP it goes as follows: Linus Carl Pauling Never Permits Stupidity Ever; Gigantic Theoretical Deviations Me Explains To Your Liking. [Filed under C: Correspondence, 1954 Box #74.22].
- Letter from Detlev W. Bronk to Members of the Editorial Board of the Proceedings RE: Informs the members that the University of Chicago Press will become the publisher of the Proceedings for a trial period of two years. Encloses samples for a new cover design and asks for the members' opinions. [Filed under LP Science: (National Academy of Sciences, 1952-1954), Box #14.020, Folder 20.3]
- Letter from Farrington Daniels, Chairman Dept. of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, President, American Chemical Society to LP RE: Daniels invites LP to be guest lecturer at U. Wisconsin for two weeks during the summer. He expresses regret over the continued problems surrounding the refusal of the A.C. S. to grant Mme. Joliot-Curie membership. [LP's letter December 17, 1953; LP's reply December 17, 1953] [Filed under LP Science: American Chemical Society: Correspondence, 1953-1954. 1966-1994), Box #14.007, Folder 7.1]
- Letter from LP to the Office of Naval Research [2 copies] RE: Statement for the year 1953 for Project NR 017-411, Contract Noonr-24432. [Filed under LP Science: (Office of Naval Research: Correspondence, Contract Status Reports and Project Status Reports, 1947-1962), Box #14.031, Folder 31.17]
- AHP Daily Diary Entry: "Cabin writing table-$850-$500; Exotic Aquarium Fishes; Wm. T. Innes, Innes Publishing Co." [Filed under AHP: Box 3.005, Folder 5.5]
- Letter from Melba Phillips to LP RE: Briefly describes American Association of Scientific Workers Boston meeting with the minutes enclosed [Filed under P: Correspondence 1954, Box #313.2]
- Newspaper clipping: "U.S. Indictment Won't Stop Smoking, Dr. Ochsner Says," Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) Inquirer [LP Newspaper Clippings 1954n.1]
F. A. S. Newsletter, No. 54.1. Includes article, "Passport Progress" concerning Martin Kamen's passport situation. [Filed under LP Safe: Box 2.021, Folder 21.3]
- LP writes cheque to: Department of Motor Vehicles, California amount $48.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- LP writes cheque to: The Biltmore amount $1.38 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- Letter from LP to Dr. Alvin Meckler RE: Thanks for letter of December 21, 1953; agrees with Meckler's points, but had hoped that he would have tried to carry though the process of transforming the eigenvectors to see whether a dominant configuration might not be discovered. [Filed under M: Correspondence 1954, Box #256.5]
- Letter from LP to Dr. Vincent du Vigneaud, Cornell University Medical College. [Vigneaud's reply January 20, 1954] [Filed under V: Individual Correspondence, Box #425.5]
11 January 1954
Dr. Vincent du Vigneaud
Cornell University Medical College
1300 York Avenue
New York 21, N.Y.
I am very glad to learn from your letter that you have crystallized L-glutaminyl-L-asparagine, and can give us a sample of it. Fifty milligrams of the crystalline material would be enough for us to have. We should be grateful to have advice from you about solvents to use in our effort to make larger crystals - it is likely that your preparation would not contain individual crystals large enough for our need. Also, we probably could return some of the material to you, if you wish.
As to the oxytocin flavianate, I do not think that we would want to begin work on it if Dr. Barbara Low has begun. The effort involved in a structure determination of such a substance is extremely great, and it should not be duplicated. Of course, neither we nor Dr. Low are sure that it is possible to determine the structure of this crystal. I think that we might prefer that Dr. Low continue with the flavianate, and in case that another derivative is obtained in crystalline form perhaps the men here could investigate it. We should prefer not to have such a complex anion in the crystal.
With best regards, I am
- Letter from LP to Professor Fred. M. Gruen, Olivet College, RE: LP says that he is pleased to have Gruen's letter, and thanks him for pointing out the possible error of describing scandium, yttrium, and lanthanum as congeners of aluminum. He thinks his description is correct, but asks Gruen to let him know if he has any other arguments to present on the point. [Filed under LP Manuscripts of Books, 1950b1.4]
- Letter from LP to Professor Kil Sang Lee, Chosun Christian University, RE: LP thanks Lee for his letter and says that he shall take into consideration Lee's suggestion when he has the opportunity to revise his textbook. [Filed under LP Manuscripts of Books, 1953b2.1]
- Letter from LP to Zuce Kogan RE: Reply to Kogan's letter of December 18, 1954, cannot comment on his theory of "continuity through alternation" because he does not understand it clearly. [Kogan's reply February 12, 1954] [Filed under K: Correspondence 1954, Box #200.19]
- Letter from Margaret Cooper (Sect. to W. H. Freeman) to Beatrice Wulf RE: Thanking her for returning the manuscripts and asking whether it is convenient to send LP's letters to Caltech or if they should another address [Filed under Correspondence: W. H. Freeman and Company 1954, Box #439.12]
- Magazine Article: "Linus Pauling...", [re: lecture trip around the world] Chemical and Engineering News, Vol. 32, No. 2, January 11, 1954. [Filed under LP Biographical: Box 6.006, Folder 6.46]
- Newsletter: I. F. Stone's Weekly, Vol. 1, Number 49. Includes article entitled: "Passports: A Little Progress" concerning Martin Kamen's passport dilemma. [Filed under LP Safe: Box 2.021, Folder 21.1]
- Note from Gilda Vascancelos to LP RE: Forwarding article from Paul Schatz and updating LP on her correspondence with Leonard Rack and Martin Karplus. [LP's Reply June 1, 1954] [Filed under V: Correspondence 1954, Box #427.14]
- LP writes cheque to: Mineralogical Society of America amount $4.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- Letter from Malcolm Wright (OAC '21) to LP RE: Jokes with LP about aging, updates him on his life and encloses a photograph of himself [LP's reply June 1, 1954] [Filed under W: Correspondence 1954, Box #444.2]
- Letter from Owen J. Roberts, President, American Philosophical Society to LP RE: Roberts thinks there are serious advisability and practicality issues about creating and conducting separate journals for the strict sciences and believes the matter should go to the Council at its next meeting for a decision. Will talk to LP about this when he comes to the next meeting. [Letter from LP to Roberts 12-9-53, Letter from Roberts to LP 1-16-54] [Filed under LP Science: (American Philosophical Society, 1936-1963, 1989, 1991), Box #14.011, Folder #11.2]
- Manuscript, Typescript: Russian Science [Filed under LP Manuscripts of Articles, 1954a.1]
January 12, 1954
Russia in the past has produced a few truly outstanding scientists, such as Mendeleyev and Pavlov. Russian publications indicate that in recent years there has been a great increase in the number of scientists being trained and the amount of scientific work being done. In the number of published scientific papers Russia seems now to rank second among the nations of the world, with the United States first. The quality of the work is good, and some of the scientists show great originality and brilliance.
Probably the greatest handicap under which Russian scientists work is the necessity of keeping their scientific ideas in conformity with arbitrary political and ideological dicta. For five years the Russian geneticists have been held down by the Lysenko ban on the gene theory of heredity, and since 1950 the chemists have been forbidden to use the resonance theory of molecular structure. It is a fundamental principle that science progresses through the consideration of all facts and all imaginable theories, and the restrictions imposed on Russian scientists may well have prevented them from making some important discoveries.
Another difficulty is the lack of contact between the Russian and the Western scientists, which interferes with the interchange of scientific knowledge, causes much duplication and wasted effort, and handicaps both the East and the West. The whole world benefits from new basic scientific discoveries, and scientists everywhere look forward to a future of world-wide collaboration.
- Letter from James R. Murphy of the Law Offices of Murphy, Duiker, Smith and Burwell to LP RE: LP might soon be able to prepare his next passport application; fee for services re: passport matters ($300) [LP's reply January 18, 1954] [LP Biographical: Box 2.003, Folder 3.4]
- Letter from LP to Dr. William Shockley, Bell Telephone Laboratories, RE: Asks if he would be willing to take part in one of the conferences that C. I. T. arranges for the Industrial Associates of the Institute. [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #1.028, Folder #28.3]
- Letter from LP to Farrington Daniels, Chairman, Dept. of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, President, American Chemical Society. [Daniels' letter to LP January 8, 1954] [Filed under LP Science: American Chemical Society: Correspondence, 1953-1954. 1966-1994), Box #14.007, Folder 7.1]
13 January 1954
Professor Farrington Daniels
Department of Chemistry
University of Wisconsin
I thank you for your letter of 8 January. I am very pleased that you and your colleagues should offer me an appointment as Lecturer at the University of Wisconsin for two weeks this summer, but I believe that it would be wise for me to not accept that appointment. I am planning to spend the summer working on the preparation of a third edition of my book THE NATURE OF THE CHEMICAL BOND, and although the proposed period in Madison is short, it would, nevertheless, interfere, I am afraid, with the course of my work on the revision.
Please express my thanks and my regrets to your colleagues.
- Letter from Owen J. Roberts, President, American Philosophical Society to LP RE: Roberts thinks there are serious advisability and practicality issues about creating and conducting separate journals for the strict sciences and believes the matter should go to the Council at its next meeting for a decision. Will talk to LP about this when he comes to the next meeting. [Letter from LP to Roberts December 9, 1953, Letter from Roberts to LP January 16, 1954] [Filed under LP Science: (American Philosophical Society, 1936-1963, 1989, 1991), Box #14.011, Folder 11.2]
- Letter from Douglas McGregor, President, Antioch College, to LP RE: Thank him for accepting their invitation to visit the college. [Letter from LP to McGregor January 18, 1954] [Filed under LP Speeches: 1954s.1]
- Letter from LP to Peter Pauling. [LP Biographical, Box 5.042, Folder 42.1].
14 January 1954
Mama and I stayed for a week in Washington with Edith and Sterling Hendricks, and then on Wednesday 6 January we flew home. Crellin had got home from Honolulu the day before, and he and George met us. We were sorry not to be able to go on to India -- and also to miss our week in Greece and our week in Israel. The Vice-President of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem wrote that he had arranged a fine schedule for us during the week, with a tour of north Israel -- Sea of Galilea, etc. -- which I had seen before, and also a tour of the Negev, the desert region to the south, going as far as (the northern region goes as far as Dan).
I am not sure that I told you just what our situation was. Our passport has not been revoked, nor was the validation for India refused. Instead, the Department of State simply delayed action, and when no action had been taken by the close of business on 31 December I withdrew the application, because even if the travel had been approved on 4 January, after the holiday, it would have been impossible for us to reach Hyderabad in time for the Congress, and the people at the Indian Embassy said that the Congress was the principal reason for inviting us. We are now hoping to make the trip a year from now.
Mama and I have decided to go to Honolulu for a two-weeks' trip. We shall arrive there at 6 P.M. on Tuesday 19 January, and stay for two weeks. Perhaps I shall give a lecture or two to the University or to the American Chemical Society while there. I am planning to take along the books by Charlotte Moore on term values of atoms -- these are publications of the Bureau of Standards, extending the tables of atomic energy levels in the book by Bacher and Goudsmit -- and to work over them, in order to obtain a set of approximate energy values for different electronic configurations of atoms, not including the interactions that give rise to Russell-Saunders states. That is, I want to know by how much the configuration 1s22s22p2 lies below the configuration 1s22s22p2 for carbon, for example, and so on for the other atoms. The problem is complicated by the fact that the Russell-Saunders states often do not represent pure configurations, and accordingly some sort of averaging process has to be carried out. I am planning to look for a set of values of promotion energy that will show a reasonable dependence on atomic number. I am not trying for great accuracy. There are many chemical problems which require for their discussion the knowledge of these promotion energies, and so far as I know, nobody has published tables of them in recent years.
Then I am hoping to use the promotion energies, together with assumed bond energies and resonance energies, in the discussion of the electronic structure of the transition metals, in order to find out whether a simple treatment will indicate more or less clearly what the electronic configurations are upon which the metals are based. You remember that for copper, for example, the physicists have usually assumed the configuration 3d104s, whereas I assume resonance between the configurations 3d84s4p2 and 3d74s4p3.
Since getting home I have continued work upon the structure of collagen, and have found one structure that looks promising, except that it does not seem to give the right value of the density. The problem of the structure of collagen is a very difficult one. Crick sent me, last month, a copy of a letter that he has submitted to NATURE, describing a new structure that he has found. This structure involves two polypeptide chains twisted about each other. Each of the chains consists only of amide groups with the cis configuration. In each chain one amide group lies in a horizontal plane, and one in the vertical plane. The one in the vertical plane spands the pseudo identity distance 2.86 A. The group in the horizontal plane forms two hydrogen bonds with the corresponding group in the other chain, which is related to it by a horizontal two-fold axis. There is, however, serious steric hindrance between the hydrogen atom attached to the alpha-carbon atom ( groups) and a vertical amide group above or below does not show up in the electron micrographs.
Please write to us.
- Manuscript Notes: "Octahedral Complexes - Magnetic Moments", January 14, 1954. [Filed under LP Science: (Materials re: Electron Theory and the Structure of Metals and Intermetallic Compounds, 1950-1955), Box #5.003, Folder #3.17]
- AHP writes cheque to Dr. John G. Sundbye amount $10.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to Richfield Oil Co. amount $3.50 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to Vroman's Bookstore amount $20.70 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to: Arthur Heimann and Sons amount $6.11 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to: Athenaeum (Caltech) amount $6.25 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to: Bullock's Pasadena amount: $503.07 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to: Colby Nurseries amount $1.08 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to: Collector of Internal Revenue amount $4.26 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to: Dr. Frank L. Adams amount $10.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to: Mira Loma Mutual Waters Co. amount $14.07 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to: Pacific Tel. & Tel. Co. amount $18.16 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- AHP writes cheque to: Southwest Museum Inc. amount $6.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- LP writes cheque to: Collector of Internal Revenue amount $5143.80 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- Letter from K. Otani, Japan to LP RE: Otani, a 20 year-old university student who has spent the past three years copying down LP's works from the library, requests a reading list from LP [LP's reply March 17, 1954] [Filed under O: Correspondence 1954, Box #300.16]
- Letter from LP to Dr. James N. Shoolery, Varian Associates RE: LP is not sure whether the application of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance techniques to amino acids will be valuable. He provides purchasing information for sample crystals [Letter from Shoolery January 6, 1954] [Filed under S: Correspondence 1954, Box #379.2]
- Letter from LP to Prof. Thong Sook Bongsadadt. [Letter also enclosed in letter from LP to the President of Chulalongarana University, Bangkok, Thailand, May 10, 1954, Reply from Bongsadadt April 27, 1954] [LP Awards Box 1952h2.10]
15 January 1954
Prof. Thong Sook Bongsadadt
The Ohio State University
Columbus 10, Ohio
Dear Professor Bongsadadt:
I am sorry that I was not in Pasadena at the time of your recent visit here. I trust that Dr. Roberts succeeded in giving you all of the information that you were interested to obtain.
I am writing to ask your advice about a visit that I hope to make to Thailand in the course of a trip around the world. This year I was invited by the Government of India and the Indian Science Congress Association to spend six weeks in India, and my wife and I had planned to go to India by way of Europe, and then to continue on to California by way of Bangkok, Hong Kong, and Tokyo. Unfortunately we found it necessary to postpone the trip, and I am beginning to plan a similar trip for a year from now.
According to these plans, we shall leave Pasadena about 1 December 1954, and spend the period from 1 January to 15 February 1955 in India. We would then fly to Bangkok, and could stay several days there.
I should be glad to have advice from you as to a suitable hotel in which we might make reservations. Also, let me say that I should be pleased to give some lectures - perhaps a lecture at the University, or before the Chemical Society of Thailand. I might speak on any of the following topics:
The Structure of Antibodies and the Nature of Serological Reactions.
The Valence of Metals and the Structure of Intermetallic Compounds.
The Chemical Bond and the Electronic Structure of Molecules.
A Theory of Ferromagnetism.
The Hemoglobin Molecule in Health and Disease.
There is plenty of time - over a year - before the proposed trip, but the fact that the arrangements for the trip this year, which had to be postponed, were made very hastily has suggested that I get in touch with you now. Please let me know if I should write to someone else about the matter of the visit in Thailand.
- Letter from LP to Raymond T. Woodhams RE: LP thanks him for the letter and paper on the resonating semipolar single bond. However, LP does not believe there is anything of value in the paper whatsoever [Woodhams' letter January 5, 1954] [Filed under W: Correspondence 1954, Box #444.2]
- Letter from LP to W.H. Freeman, W.H. Freeman and Co., RE: LP says that he likes Freeman's memo to readers of College Chemistry. He has no suggestions to make, except perhaps that one paragraph be changed. He is looking forward to revising College Chemistry. [Filed under LP Manuscripts of Books, 1955b.1]
- Letter from Nature to LP RE: Requesting LP review J. Monteath Robertson's book on Organic Crystals and Molecules [LP's reply March 3, 1954] [Filed under N: Correspondence 1954, Box #287.21]
- Report from Ad hoc Committee on Institutes Shops to L. A. DuBridge, President, California Institute of Technology, cc: LP RE: Final report and recommendations following review of Caltech shops [LP Biographical: Box 1.030, Folder 30.4]
- Letter from John W. Sheldon to LP RE: Enclosed paper "The Use of the Statistical Field Approximation in Molecular Physics" [Filed under S: Correspondence 1954, Box #379.2]
- Letter from Leonora M. Bilger, University of Hawaii RE: Details of plans for the Paulings' upcoming visit to Hawaii. Bilger will arrange special meetings of the Chemistry seminar and club for LP to speak at. [LP Biographical: Box 2.005, Folder 5.3]
- Letter from Owen J. Roberts, President, American Philosophical Society to LP RE: In his previous letter of January 12, 1954, Roberts was unaware that the Committee on Publications had already held a meeting and discussed LP’s suggestion. The Committee is not in favor of having a separate section of the Proceedings dealing with scientific papers but they do agree that the mathematical and physical sciences would be encouraged to submit their manuscripts to the Proceedings. [Letter from Roberts to LP January 12, 1954] Filed under LP Science: (American Philosophical Society, 1936-1963, 1989, 1991), Box #14.011, Folder 11.2]
- AHP Daily Diary Entry: "Chairs-2 $45 each" [Filed under AHP: Box 3.005, Folder 5.5]
- LP writes cheque to: Scientific American amount $12.50 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- LP writes cheque to: Sears amount $69.88 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- Letter from J. Gillis, Academic Secretary, The Weizmann Institute of Science to LP RE: Requests LP's opinion on Dr. Y. Hirschberg, who is in consideration of promotion at the Institute. [LP's Reply February 26, 1954] [Filed under G Correspondence, Box #140.18]
- AHP writes cheque to: Coast Disposal Co. amount $6.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- LP writes cheque to: James R. Murphy amount $300.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- LP writes cheque to: Treasurer, Sigma Xi amount $4.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- Letter from LP to Douglas McGregor, President, Antioch College RE: Informs of the telegram he has sent. Looks forward to participating in the Centennial Celebration of their college. Informs that he would like his wife to come along. [Letter from McGregor to LP January 14, 1954
- Letter from LP to Dr. Fritz Lipmann, Massachusetts General Hospital. [Lipmann reply June 1, 1954] [Filed under L Correspondence 1954, Box #217.4]
>18 January 1954
Dr. Fritz Lippman
Massachusetts General Hospital
The announcement of the award of the Nobel Prize to you came while I was on a trip to Israel, and since my return to Pasadena I have neglected to write to you to congratulate you.
Accordingly, I now extend my sincere congratulations. I think that it is fine that you have received this honor.
You know that I am not on the Scientific Advisory of MGH this year, my term having come to its end. Perhaps I shall be reappointed later on, giving me the opportunity to see you at least once a year. In any case, I am looking forward to seeing you again before very long.
With best regards, I am
- Letter from LP to Gerasimos Karabatsos RE: Reply to Karabatsos' letter and his article in the 1952 Science Journal of Adelphi College; he does not believe that Karabatsos' "Conic Arrangement of the Elements" is of much value. [Filed under K: Correspondence 1954, Box #200.19]
- Letter from LP to James R. Murphy RE: LP encloses check for $300 for legal fees concerning passport matters [Murphy's letter January 13, 1954] [LP Biographical: Box 2.003, Folder 3.4]
- Letter from LP to Justice Owen J. Roberts, President, American Philosophical Society RE: Thanking Roberts for his actions on behalf of LP's attempted passport validation and informing that no decision was made by the State Dept. so LP withdrew his application, although he plans to reapply in the near future. [LP Biographical: Box 2.003, Folder 3.4]
- Letter from LP to Karl T. Compton, MIT RE: Informing that the India trip must be cancelled as LP had to withdraw his application for a passport; LP believes Mrs. Shipley is trying to "punish" him for having her overruled in 1952 to obtain a passport then. [Compton's reply January 22, 1954] [Filed under C: Individual Correspondence, Box #66.14]
- Letter from LP to L.R. Lavine RE: A structural hypothesis for collagen. [Filed under RNB 31: Addenda]
- Letter from LP to W. H. Freeman RE: Giving permission to the children's encyclopedia to use the illustration of the molecular structure of iodine and to change the caption. LP believes the work done by Goldschimdt was very important, but LP does not recommend Freeman publish an English translation of it. [Freeman's letters January 5, 1954] [Filed under Correspondence: W. H. Freeman and Company 1954, Box #439.12]
- Letter from Peter Pauling to Linus and Ava Helen Pauling RE: Peter writes to update his parents on his research and daily life.
18 January 1954
Dear Daddy and Mamma,
I am sorry I have not written to you and Mamma, I was uncertain until today where you
I was very disappointed that you could not go on your trip, as I know you were. It was
actually quite a blow to me. I had hoped, when your letter of the 4th came, that you would go
on this Cruise to Honolulu. In a way, it would be better than Linda, because you would have
I am working on absolute intensities, molecular space models a radial distribution curve
of sperm. I hope to get this finished.
I am trying to arrange a month or so in Naples next summer gathering meat. John
would probably go too. Linda has some scheme up her sleeve, but I do not know yet what she
will do. I told her I would not make the grand tour, but only go to Italy. More or less.
Crick is really in hot water. Randall and his people are hopping mad. His letter is to be
in February J Chem Phys. I made his structure using these brass models here, and think it is
wrong. Much too tight. Without straining it, the C α (A) to O (B) distance is 2.2 , and the O
(B1) to C (B2) is 3 . Now, Francis reduces these I suppose by bending bonds, the C αH (A) to O (B) is 2.4 . It is the DNA structure in peptides; perhaps Francis has spiral staircases on the brain. Anyway, Pauline Cowan, and Morris Wilkins and Randall are pretty angry.
It would seem to me to be pretty useful to know the stabilities of various electronic
configurations. A research student friend of mine here has been trying for a couple of years to
prove you wrong, but now has about accepted you and become converted.
I received a very nice letter from Anita. I shall write her soon. I cannot tonight, because
I must sleep.
It has become rather cold here. My room and bed are now cold.
I rather hope that Linda comes. Perhaps I should buy a car to travel with her. I do not
really wish too. I am on a grand book buying spree, my account at Hiffers now being £ 40. I
must pay it. I rather like the books.
Mamma, you should give that illustrated history by Trevalyan to Daddy as a Christmas
present. You did not seem much impressed, and he suggested it, and it was too expensive to
Daddy, I am not sure you want to keep up all the Penguins. It will be about $50 a year.
The[y] have begun a 48 volume series on the History of Art; of which four volumes have
appeared. The rate is 4/year st 42/ per volume 1) The Art of Architecture of India. 2) British
Painting of 1530-1790 3) English Architecture 1530-1700. They are really very good. Perhaps I
should edit the Penguins, and send the ones I think suitable. I can tell in the next few months.
The Art Series are really very good.
Your letter of the 4th January has some reference to a change in the regulations
concerning the issue of passports and an intination that you had something to do with this. I
have read nothing of it and would appreciate knowing a bit more.
I received a very wonderful letter from Jim Watson. I like him very much. I am sorry he
is not here because he added a great deal. I am sorry he must go to Bethesda. Perhaps I shall
have to go there also.
I think I shall probably have to stay here four years altogether for my Ph.D. I shall try to
get some support somewhere. I am unsure, but it looks as if you shall. I had hoped to get a job
with Jera Jagin Viglie and live with Linie and Anita and the boys, but I guess I must be here.
Very sad in that respect. Really they must stay two years. One is not enough. A[l]ways rush
and cannot learn enough. Two are ten times better. I shall write them.
I wrote Holmes to ask if he would give us the design for his interchangeable base for
goniometer heads a couple of months ago, and have received no answer. I am unsure what it
means and do not know quite what to do. Perhaps write Arletta and ask her what kicks. If we
design them I will probably have to do it. Too bad. I am no engineer and it is very time
consuming. This lab is terrible. The Automatic recording powder spectrometer was built by
some research student and is now maintained by another. Stupid.
Mamma , you are a darling, I received my package and it is wonderful. The nuts are
grand, and the springerlie superb. The dates are wonderful, and I have not yet openned the fruit
cake. When it came, I ate the last of last years fruit cake, which I had saved. I like the sweater
very much. It is a beautiful light sweater, and I shall try to take care of it. A really lovely color.
I think grey sweaters are the most beautiful. There are many sales now. Perhaps I shall buy an
overcoat. I am using a raincoat of Jim Watson's , which he left behind.
I have deposited the $175 cheque. I need the money to pay my bills. It will arrive in a
week or so. Thanks you very much for the present. I shall find (or really already have found) it
My Christmas was rather lonely, and I was a bit sad. However the time was very
interesting and I learned a great deal from reading and so on. I suppose I am at that stage when
Christmases are rather sad and that I should accept it and take advantage of the freedom I am
Please give my greatest love to Linus and Anita and warmest greetings.
Much love , and many hugs and kisses
- Memorandum from L pto R. M. Badger, California Institute of Technology, RE: Glad to have his report on the infrared dichroism of collagen. Thinks that his argument regarding amide I may be of great value in the search for the correct structure of collagen. Answers question in regards to collagen. [Filed under LP Research Notebooks: 28R]
- Memorandum from LP to L. R. Lavine, California Institute of technology, RE: Discusses the structure of collagen and shares he has come to the conclusion that there is only one structure, among all the possible ones that they have discovered so far that has a reasonable chance of being correct. [Filed under LP Research Notebooks: 31R]
- AHP writes cheque to Crellin Pauling amount $75.00 [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #4.022, Folder #2]
- LP Note to Self: "Third Report on Collagen", January 19, 1954. [Filed under LP Science: (Materials re: The Structure and Properties of Collagen, 1951-1955), Box #6.004, Folder #4.12]
19 January 1954
Memo from LP from Himself
Third Report on Collagen
Linus Pauling 11 January 1954.
During the past year I have been trying to find a structure for collagen to replace the 3-chain structure originally proposed.
All of the work has been based on the assumption that the collagen molecule consists of a single polypeptide chain, and also the assumption that the amide groups all have the trans configuration.
A thorough study was made of helical structures involving a repeating unit of three trans amide group, forming two hydrogen bonds. Over a dozen possible structures were found, of which two or three seemed to merit detailed consideration. No structure was found, however, which accounts satisfactorily for the observed negative infrared dichroism, which indicates that the hydrogen bonds make an angle of about 65° with the fiber axis (this is, rather, the angle made by the carbonyl groups and the NH groups). One promising structure is (10, 10, a). (In this nomenclature the numbers of atoms in hydrogen-bonded rings are given, in a sequence in the direction in which the N-H groups point; a signifies that no hydrogen bond is formed by the nitrogen atom.) This structure makes about three turns of the large helix for ten units, and can be made to have axial length 2.86 A per unit. There seem to be somewhat too small van der Waals contacts, however; moreover, the structure gives about zero dichroism, and cannot be made to give negative dichroism. Another interesting structure is (14, 14, a), a gamma-type structure. Interatomic distances in general seem satisfactory. The structure has one three-residue unit in axial length 2.86 A, and is hence satisfactory in this respect. The structure does not account for the layer-line intensities, inasmuch as it has five units in three turns (ten in six turns, rather than ten in seven turns, as indicated by the layer lines); moreover, it gives positive rather than negative infrared dichroism.
It is, in fact, very hard to find structures which give negative infrared dichroism. The three-chain structure with two cis groups and one trans group per unit, is satisfactory in this respect. Crick’s new structure, with the chains, each having two residues in 2.86 A, is also satisfactory – there are four residues per unit, and two hydrogen bonds, in this structure. It is, however, ruled out by some very bad contacts.
I have found a gamma-type structure with a two-residue unit, its symbol being (11, a). Half the residues form hydrogen bonds. The identity distance is about 1.6 A – perhaps it can be made as large as 1.8 A. The infrared dichroism is negative. It does not seem to be compatible with x-ray data.
I have now made a search for structures which have a repeating unit of either three residues or four residues in 2.86 A, and which form a compound helix with ten units in three turns (or seven turns), giving up, however, the requirement of N-H• • •O-C hydrogen bonds be formed in number one less than the number of residues per unit. This search has been thorough but not exhaustive. No promising structure of the gamma type has been found. No structure of the alpha type with one N-H• • •O-C hydrogen bond per three residue unit has been found – it is not possible to achieve three turns in ten units, even with only one hydrogen bond per unit. Moreover, in a structure of the alpha type the hydrogen bonds are nearly parallel to the axis of the helix, and a three-residue structure with length 2.86 A cannot give negative dichroism. A four-residue structure is satisfactory in this respect. The length of four residues along the axis of the alpha helix is 5.9 A. If this is reduced to 2.86 A, the square of the direction cosine becomes (2.86/5.9)2 = 0.235. The square along each of the directions in the basal plane is then 0.383, the direction cosine being 0.619, as compared with 0.485 along the fiber axis. This gives a negative dichroic ration of 1.28.
I have assumed that van der Waals contacts eliminate structures with a ten-membered hydrogen-bonded ring. I have not found any satisfactory structure based on the sixteen-membered ring. A structure has been found, however, based on the alpha helix, with four residues per repeating unit, and ten units in three turns of the compound helix. In this structure two N-H• • •O-C hydrogen bonds are formed per unit, and a third nitrogen atom forms a twelve-membered ring involving a water molecule. The symbol can be written (13, 13, a, 12*). The water molecule can, in fact, also be hydrogen bonded to the fourth carbonyl oxygen, by way of an additional water molecule. The angles of the two water molecules are tetrahedral. All van der Waals contacts seem to be satisfactory. The predicted length per unit is close to 2.86 A. The average basal-plane component for the three N-H groups, which make angles of 15°, 15°, and 20° with the basal plane is 0.95, and the axial component is 0.29 – a predicted negative dichroic ratio of about three. For the four carbonyl groups the values are 0.86 and 0.39, respectively, giving a negative ratio of 1.6. These values are in approximate agreement with experiment. Badger has reported that the ratio is about 1.6 for carbonyl and only 1.2 for N-H.
There seems to be only one serious difficulty with this structure. Using the value 1.34 for the density and 95 for the average residue weight, the spacing for the plane 10.0 is calculated to be 12 A, whereas the value 10.4 A has been reported by Astbury for dehydrated collagen, and about 11 or 11.5 for collagen in equilibrium with the atmosphere at ordinary humidity. The difference between 12 A and 10.4 A corresponds to the ratio of four residues to three residues.
The molecules are predicted to be about 12 A in diameter, if the larger side chains are packed into the cavity down the center.
Bear has suggested that the well crystallized parts of collagen have four residues in the length 2.86 A, and perhaps consist mainly of the smaller residues. The presence of what seems to be a meridional reflection with spacing about 4.1 A suggests that there may be two kinds of molecules present in collagen. Further evidence is needed to settle the question.
cc: RB Corey
- Letter from Prof. M. Evenari, Hebrew University, to LP RE: Regrets LP was unable to visit Israel and has sent a Christmas gift prepared in anticipation of LP's visit to his home. [LP reply February 9, 1954] [Filed under E Correspondence 1954, Box #112.20]
- Letter from W. H. Freeman to Beatrice Wulf RE: Enclosed survey from South Dakota State College which Freeman wishes LP to look at. [Reply from Wulf February 9, 1954] [Filed under Correspondence: W. H. Freeman and Company 1954, Box #439.12]
- Letter from Vincent du Vigneaud, Cornell University Medical School to LP RE: He is sending LP 100 mg. of crystalline L-glutaminyl-L-asparagine under a separate cover; he requests unused material be returned [LP's letter January 11, 1954] [Filed under V: Individual Correspondence, Box #425.5]
- Important notice regarding license tabs [Filed under LP Safe: Box 2.039, Folder 39.37b]
- Letter from LP to E.B. Wilson, Editor, Proceedings RE: Mistakenly dated 1953. LP submits for publication in the Proceedings the manuscript “A Refinement of Pauling’s Theory of Ferromagnetism” by Gary Felsenfeld. [Letter from Davidson to LP January 25, 1954] [Filed under LP Science: (National Academy of Sciences, 1952-1954), Box #14.020, Folder 20.3]
- Note Goodwin J. Knight to all California motorists [Filed under LP Safe: Box 2.039, Folder 39.37a]
- Spin-spin and orbit-orbit interactions [RNB 27]
- State of California 1954 automobile registration card for Riley convertible coupe, January 21, 1954. [Filed under LP Safe: Box 2.039, Folder 39.37]
- The virial theorem in ionic crystals [RNB 27]
- Abstract entitled: A Refinement of the Pauling Theory of Ferromagnetism, by Gary Felsenfeld. Submitted to the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #1.028, Folder #28.3]
- Letter from Karl T. Compton, MIT, to LP RE: Reply to LP's letter of January 18, 1954 expressing regret that LP's trip to India had to be cancelled; he sent a letter to the Secretary of State urging the passport be granted, but to no avail. [LP's letter January 18, 1954] [Filed under C: Individual Correspondence, Box #66.14].
- Letter from R. B. Shipley, Director, Passport Office to LP RE: Informing LP that the Dept. of State did not and cannot in the future act upon LP's behalf in obtaining a valid passport until he responds to the allegations outlined to him. [LP's reply June 5, 1954] [LP Biographical: Box 2.003, Folder 3.4]
- Letter from W. Shockley, Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc., to LP RE: Thanks him for thinking of him in connection with the Industrial Associates program. States that he is agreeable to giving a talk on semiconductors or transistor physics at the meeting. [Filed under LP Biographical: Box #1.028, Folder #28.3]
- Letter from W.H. Freeman, W.H. Freeman and Co., to LP . RE: Freeman thanks LP for his comments on the memorandum for readers of College Chemistry. In March he plans to write several users of College Chemistry and ask them for suggestions regarding revision. [Filed under LP Manuscripts of Books, 1955b.1]
- Ionization energies [RNB 27]
- Letter from Jacob Joseph Blum, Naval Medical Research Institute to LP RE: Thanking LP for letter in which he informed them they were not at fault for the high water bill during their stay, but hopes LP will accept a check from them covering the costs anyway. [Filed under N: Correspondence 1954, Box #287.21]
- AHP's Daily Diary Entry:
To get from Ranch:1. "In" and "Out" letter file for desk.2. Pots & peat in can.3. Box of violets4. White electric cord for light5. Copper pans & lids6. " cleaner 7. " wire
[Filed under AHP: Box 3.005, Folder 5.5]
- Letter from Donalee L. Tabern, Radioactive Pharmaceuticals, Abbott Laboratories to LP RE: information about a new method of red cell tagging [Memo from H. Itano to LP concerning this letter February 9, 1954; LP's reply March 16, 1954] [Filed under T: Correspondence 1954, Box #410.19]
- Letter from E. Davidson, Publication Office, National Academy of Sciences to LP RE: Acknowledges receipt of Gary Felsenfeld's "A Refinement of the Pauling Theory of Ferromagnetism" which is scheduled to appear in the April issue. [Letter from LP to Wilson January 21, 1954] [Filed under LP Science: (National Academy of Sciences, 1952-1954), Box #14.020, Folder 20.3]
- Letter from Marshall Gates, Assistant Ed., Journal of the American Chemical Society to LP RE: Requesting that LP evaluate the criticism of enclosed manuscript from Dr. Pressman by Dr. Michael Heidelberger. [LP's reply February 9, 1954] [Filed under C: Organizational Correspondence Box #68]
- Letter from A. L. Wirin to LP RE: Enclosed legal services and expenses bill from Wirin, Rissman and Okrand in the amount of $3,885.14 [LP Biographical: Box 2.010, Folder 10.2]
- Letter from Ben May to LP RE: Enclosed clipping about sickle cell trait [LP's reply March 13, 1954] [Filed under M: Individual Correspondence, Box #244.5]
- Letter from Clyde Hutchinson to LP RE: Request for LP to review article by Jerry Braunstein and William Simpson, and make publication suggestion. [Filed under C: Correspondence, 1954 Box #74.22].
- Letter from David Shoemaker to LP. [LP's reply February 12, 1954] [Filed under S: Individual Correspondence, Box #363.3]
January 26, 1954
Professor Linus Pauling
Department of Chemistry
California Institute of Technology
Pasadena 4, California
Dear Professor Pauling:
Thank you very much for the draft of the enneamolybdomanganate ion paper. I am glad to see that off the docket. Is anyone in particular planning to continue the work and refine the structure?
Thank you also for getting after Tucker. Tucker had sent a previous draft of his β-Uranium paper to me, and it was much worse. I sent him a bill of complaints, and when his paper came back from the referees for other changes he made the ones I had insisted on, but the result, as you saw, wasn't too happy.
Proof for the paper on Brillouin zones came today and I'll get it off right away.
Today I am sending the draft of the sigma phase paper back to Gunnar. I am in accord with virtually all of the changes and deletions that you and he made, and have made some more of my own. The paper is now by no means short, but is perhaps not over-long. On the seven pages that you suggested be omitted, I agree that there was much too much there considering the paucity of conclusions that could be reached. The suggestion of mine that the space between the two zones is filled with electrons was made rather half-heartedly, and with the half-expectation that you and Gunnar would not like it and with the half-hope that you and he would come up with something better in the way of a Brillouin-zone interpretation. I am now just about reconciled to the conclusion that that big, wonderful Brillouin zone is only about 5/6 filled. It is, however, something of a disappointing contrast to the alloys which so beautifully show filled zones.
My main purpose in writing this letter is to ask you about one of the deletions you made. This was in connection with the fact that the Curie temperatures of sigma phases seem to be very sensitive to (say) the iron-chromium ratio, but not affected at all by the replacement of iron by cobalt or of chromium by molybdenum. I cited this as partial support for the supposition that the ordering of atoms in Sigma FeCr might be the same as in FeMo, on the grounds that the Curie temperature ought to be to some extent a function of the arrangement of the atoms that carry the magnetic moment. Your notation beside the deletion was, "Not required by my theory". By which you mean, I take it, that the uncoupled electrons at the top of the band do not care where the atoms with magnetic moments are.
However, in your paper in the Trans. Far. Soc., in connection with cobalt and nickel, you point out that an improvement in the treatment can be made by assuming that the wave functions are perturbed so that (in the case of nickel) the unpaired electrons spend more of their time near the atoms with J = 1 than near those with J = 0. Presumably, as you state, this would affect the energy and improve the agreement with the observed Curie temperature. However, if it can affect the Curie temperature in the case of cobalt and nickel, could it not also affect the Curie temperature in the case of the sigma phase, if the positions of atoms with magnetic moments were changed? Then, if the Curie temperature is constant, cannot one take this as some indication that the positions of the atoms with magnetic moments are constant, other things being the same?
I do not regard this as a point worth holding up the sigma phase paper over, though, if my reasoning above is correct, my personal preference is that the deletion be restored. However, I would appreciate very much hearing your views on this.
By the way, if you have any spare reprints of your article on ferromagnetism, I would appreciate it very much if you would send me one.
With best regards,
David P. Shoemaker
cc: Professor Gunnar Bergman
- Letter from John M. Tinker, Director, Organic Chemicals Dept., DuPont to LP RE: Follow-up letter to LP's lecture in 1946. Includes an update on lab activities and requests LP recommend speakers for their lecture series. [Filed under T: Correspondence 1954, Box #410.19]
- Letter from L.P. Eisenhart, American Philosophical Society to LP RE: Eisenhart informs LP that the programs for the Annual Meeting in April and the Autumn Meeting in November are both complete. He will put LP’s letter in the Committee on Meetings’ file if they would later like to as Dr. DeTerra to read a paper. [Letter from LP to Eisenhart January 19, 1954] [Filed under LP Science: (American Philosophical Society, 1936-1963, 1989, 1991), Box #14.011, Folder 11.2]
- Memorandum from A.H. Walter to R.B. Gilmore, cc: LP RE: Final Notification of Amendment No. 5 to Contract Nonr-220(05) (Chemistry 32). [Filed under LP Science: (Office of Naval Research: Correspondence, Memoranda, Notes and Assorted Materials re: “The Structure and Properties of Proteins and Synthetic Polypeptides”, Contract Nonr 220(05) (Chemistry 32), 1951-1963), Box #14.032, Folder 32.2]
- Land Purchase Agreement between Margaret D. Hickok and Rene and Blanche Fraile [Filed under LP Safe: Box 2.014, Folder 14.2]
- Newspaper Clipping: "Imua is Neutral as Pauling Talks on Protein Form", Honolulu (Hawaii) Star-Bulletin, January 29, 1954. [Filed under LP Biographical: Box 6.006, Folder 6.46]
- Energy Levels for Scandium (Honolulu) [RNB 27]