His chance would come soon: He was planning to go to Brussels in April 1953 for a
Solvay Conference on proteins and made plans to stop off in England on the way to
see the Watson-Crick three-dimensional model and the photos from Wilkins's and Franklin's
But anti-Communist sentiments in the U.S. would again interfere with his plans. In
late December 1952 a well-known but unreliable informant named Louis Budenz named
Pauling as a concealed Communist. Pauling was not a Communist and said so (25 years
of FBI investigations have since proved the point), calling Budenz a "professional
liar." When Pauling applied for a passport, his old nemesis Ruth Shipley again recommended
denial. He received his passport only after swearing in writing and in her presence
that he was not a Communist.
Click images to enlarge
Ava Helen and Linus Pauling's passport. 1953.
"Questions to be Answered by Mr. Linus Pauling." February 25, 1953.
"It is disgraceful that a committee of the United States Congress should permit and
even aid such a scurvy unconscionable person to cause trouble for respectable people.
If Budenz is not prosecuted for perjury we must conclude that our courts and Congressional
committees are not interested in learning and disclosing the truth."