Oregon State University Libraries and Press

Ted Cox Oral History Interview, June 7, 2016

Oregon State University
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00:00:00 - Interview Introduction

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Partial Transcript: Okay, go ahead.

Segment Synopsis: Cox introduces himself and talks briefly on where he was born. He explains how his parents moved around the state before moving to Eugene, Cox's birthplace.

Keywords: Childhood in Oregon; Working in shipyards

Subjects: Beer and brewing; Bend (Or.); Eugene (Or.); Portland (Or.)

00:00:40 - Father's Brain Injury/ Early Childhood

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Partial Transcript: And they were there- my dad was involved

Segment Synopsis: Cox mentions how his father got into a logging accident while Cox was still a young child, and how it resulted in the use of hard hats by loggers. He also describes the impact it had on his family, resulting in them moving to Cucamonga, California and Cox spending his first years of school in a diverse student body. In addition, Cox talks about the long term impacts of the logging accident on his father’s health and personality, and how common accidents are for professions in forests. He also lists off his siblings, and where they are now.

Keywords: Brain trauma and health; Diversity in school; Hard hats; Hard hats in logging; Injuries in logging

Subjects: Bracero Program; Brain Injury, Chronic--psychology; Child immigrants; Cucamonga, Calif.; Logging; Ranches

00:04:33 - Family Businesses/ Interactions with Celebrities

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Partial Transcript: So, you were at school, starting school down in California

Segment Synopsis: Cox discusses his family’s time on his aunt’s ranch in Cucamonga, with an emphasis on his father’s work in developing and patenting colored cement. He details how people involved with the Hollywood Walk of Fame came to learn about the colored cement, as well as an aunt’s work as the secretary to Lucille Ball. Cox also recollects another aunt’s supposed investment in Howard Hughes Aircraft, and how it turned out to be a scam. He goes on to talk about his family’s transition through the restaurant business in Santa Monica and Eagle Rock, as well as his mother’s work sewing the uniforms for the Harlem Globetrotters.

Keywords: Glenn Odekirk' Frosty Freeze; Hollywood Walk of Fame; Lucille Ball; Restaurant industry

Subjects: Cucamonga, Calif.; Eagle Rock (Los Angeles, Calif.); Harlem Globetrotters; Hughes Aircraft Company; Patents--United States

00:09:41 - Working at the Albany Foundry

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Partial Transcript: Did you meet them?

Segment Synopsis: Cox describes how his uncles bought the Albany Iron Works foundry in 1945, based on their own work in iron smithing in Bend Oregon. He details how he and his family moved to Albany after leaving the restaurant industry, which lead to Cox working summers in the foundry for his uncles. Cox then describes his experience with middle and high school in Ontario, California.

Keywords: Albany Iron Works; Albany Regional Museum; High school experience; Iron smithing; Metalsmithing

Subjects: Albany (Or.); High school athletes; Metallurgy; Metalwork; Middle school; Ontario (Calif.)

00:13:19 - High School and College Athletics

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Partial Transcript: What were- were you interested in all sports?

Segment Synopsis: Cox explains his affinity for track and field, and football as a student growing up, and how that interest in sports continued on while he was abroad. He talks about his experience at the Chaffey Junior College for track and field, and how his efforts resulted in him going to La Verne College later on. He mentions that this college and a lot of others are all in close proximity to his family in Ontario. Cox then discusses his options after graduating from college, and his awareness of the Vietnam War at the time.

Keywords: American football; Peace Corps; Response to war; Shotput; Vietnam War response

Subjects: Chaffey Community College; College Athletics; Junior college; La Verne College; Rugby; Track and field; Vietnam War

00:16:53 - Anti-military Social Atmosphere/ Joining the Peace Corps

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Partial Transcript: So were other people that you were in school with

Segment Synopsis: Cox discusses his consideration of joining the Marines after college, as well as his separation from the social uproar about the Vietnam War. He then explains why he ended up choosing to join the Peace Corps, as well as the physical health screening involved at the time. He notes his continued interest in education, and how that applied to his service in West Africa with the Peace Corps.

Keywords: Anti-militarism; Anti-military views; Education in West Africa; Health screening; War protests

Subjects: International Service; Peace Corps (U.S.); Peace Corps-Sierra Leone; Secret service; Sierra Leone; West Africa

00:19:23 - Preparation and Service in Sierra Leone

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Partial Transcript: Did they do preparation work before you went?

Segment Synopsis: Cox details the specific training he underwent both in Philadelphia and Freetown, Sierra Leone in preparation for his service in the country, including classes on culture shock and field specifics. He discusses his initial training for teaching in science, and how he was shifted towards physical education for his service to his experience with it in college. Cox describes the various opportunities he had as a physical educator at the local and national levels in Sierra Leone, and how that opened up the opportunity to service in Belize as the national track and field coach.

Keywords: Bo Teacher Training College; Peace Corps-- training; Sierra Leone National Sports Council; Sports clubs--Sierra Leone

Subjects: Belize; Boxing; British Honduras; Peace Corps-Sierra Leone; Physical education; Rugby; Science--education

00:24:06 - Adjusting to Culture Shock

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Partial Transcript: Before we go to British Honduras, I do want to ask

Segment Synopsis: Cox discusses how culture shock affects everyone differently when serving in a different country, and the amount of time it takes to hit and subside. He describes his personal experience with culture shock, and how he managed it through bonding with immersion in his work and local people. Cox also details the psychological preparation and assistance offered by the Peace Corps, and transitions into general training for his service project in Belize from there.

Keywords: Adjustment in international service; In-country training; In-country training--Peace Corps; Ponce, Puerto Rico; Self-care in international service

Subjects: Belize; British Honduras; Culture shock; Depression; Peace Corps-Sierra Leone; Psychology; Self Care

00:28:26 - Social Interaction with Volunteers and Locals

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Partial Transcript: I think I was just asking you about the adjustment for you

Segment Synopsis: Cox discusses his overall positive experience with volunteering for the Peace Corps, and how he documented many of his memories from that time on video. He talks about his interactions with volunteers from other countries, and how he tended to avoid those social circles because of the atmosphere created by the Vietnam War. He notes how he enjoyed immersing himself in the country and getting to know the local people.

Keywords: American reputation; Cultural immersion; International friendships; International interaction; Video documentation

Subjects: Excitement; Peace Corps-Sierra Leone; Sierra Leone; Video recording; Vietnam War; Vietnam War, 1961-1975

00:30:25 - Housing in the Peace Corps

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Partial Transcript: Did you have an apartment. Did you live by yourself

Segment Synopsis: Cox describes his housing situation during his service in Sierra Leone, and how it allowed for deeper cultural immersion. He also compares the process for housing with the Peace Corps then and now, and how the use of host families is now more common. Cox then briefly details the transition time between the end of his service in Sierra Leone and the start of his training for work in Belize, as well as his emotional reflection on that time. He notes where he was trained outside of Belize, and how out-country training contrasts with the in-country training he received in Sierra Leone.

Keywords: Albany Iron Works; Cultural immersion; Host families; International housing; United Brethren Church, Sierra Leone

Subjects: Belize; British Honduras; Education; Metalurgia; Sierra Leone; Universidad Católica; Volunteer work

00:34:14 - Teaching Physical Education in Belize

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Partial Transcript: So what- you had a different job though going into Belize

Segment Synopsis: Cox describes his role in Belize as the national track coach and the criticism of his position going in by other volunteers in terms of feasibility. He states the importance of focus and creativity for volunteers in the Peace Corps to be successful, especially if they’re coming straight from school and are unaccustomed to lack of structure. Cox lists off the various goals he had for his service in Belize, including training athletes for the upcoming Olympics. He details how he introduced national fitness tests and established national track meets and clinics through collaboration with both the British Army and local organizations. He also describes his work with a potential athlete in women’s softball for the Munich Olympics, and how it fell through.

Keywords: AAHPER Fitness test; Belizean volunteer guard; Fitness program in Belize; National track meets; Triangular track meet; Volunteer program structure; Women's softball

Subjects: Belize; British Honduras; Creativity; Olympic athletes; Summer Olympics (20th : 1972 : Munich, Germany); Teenage athletes; Track and field; Track coaches

00:44:44 - Data Collection in Belize/ Considering Grad School

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Partial Transcript: So that was in, in your first year

Segment Synopsis: Cox briefly describes his project in physical fitness data collection for Belize, which ended up being the focus of his master’s thesis. He also discusses the progression towards going to grad school, and how continued growth in the Belizean sports program lead into that. Cox also recounts the culture surrounding technology at the time, as well as the enthusiasm for spectator sports, like girls’ softball.

Keywords: Fitness data collection; Graduate school; Physical fitness manual; Radio Belize; Triangular track meet

Subjects: Belize. Ministry of Education; Girls' softball; Physical fitness; Sports--Competitions; Track and field

00:47:40 - Transitioning to Graduate School from the Peace Corps

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Partial Transcript: So, second year in Belize, you are doing assessments

Segment Synopsis: Cox describes his decision to retire from the Peace Corps in pursuit of a graduate degree, as well as the personal interest in Oregon State University. He notes the complication of trying to get his application in, as well as the opportunity at OSU to study in Physical Education. Cox then illustrates his journey from Belize to training Peace Corps volunteers in the US to going to OSU.

Keywords: Graduate school applications; Oregon State University Masters program; Peace Corps training; Teaching assistantship

Subjects: Belize; Corvallis (Or.); Eastern Illinois University; Graduate students; Oregon State University; Peace Corps (U.S.); Physical education

00:50:41 - Culture in Corvallis/ Studying at OSU

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Partial Transcript: So you arrive in Corvallis, late summer 1973

Segment Synopsis: Cox describes the layout of campus when he started studying at OSU in the 1970s, as well as the limited interaction between the university and the rest of Corvallis. He notes that there was less restriction on underage drinking at bars at the time and how that contrasts with now. Cox then discusses his academic involvement with the university, specifically detailing the buildings he studied in and the overall quality of the program. He compares the mentor program at OSU with that of UO in regards of expertise the graduate students had in their teaching/mentorship fields. He then talks about the types of courses he taught, as well as taking on the role of Women’s volleyball coach.

Keywords: Albany Iron Works; Community interaction; Snell Hall; Underage drinking; Women's athletics; Women's volleyball; academic mentors

Subjects: Corvallis (Or.); First Aid; Linn-Benton Community College; Mentor; Oregon State University; Quality assurance; University of Oregon; Volleyball--Coaching

00:57:55 - Coaching the Women's Volleyball Team

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Partial Transcript: That's what- yeah, I was going to ask if you could talk about that.

Segment Synopsis: Cox describes some of the aspects of his experience as the OSU women’s volleyball coach, including the skill of his team and the hiring process for the position. He discusses the team’s attention to professionally representing the university, with details on the dress code during the introduction of Title IX. Cox then recounts the sequestration of women’s athletic events to certain buildings on campus, and how Title IX helped bring progress.

Keywords: Equal opportunity in sports; Gender and athletics; Gender and dress code; Professional attire; Title IX

Subjects: Collegiate athletes; EQUAL OPPORTUNITY; Education Amendments of 1972 (United States); Gender and education; Linn-Benton Community College; Oregon State University; Women's liberation

01:05:43 - Master's Program in Physical Education

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Partial Transcript: So in the meantime you're going to school

Segment Synopsis:
Cox summarizes the topic of his master’s thesis, as well as the master’s program he was involved in. He comments on the opportunities afforded to him through a master’s in education. Cox also describes the research process for his thesis on comparing fitness programs in Belize and the US.

Keywords: AAHPER Fitness test; Belizean archives; Fitness programs; Master's thesis; Masters in Education

Subjects: AAHPER publications; Belize; Education; Pedagogy; Physical education

01:08:31 - Interest in Historic Preservation

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Partial Transcript: So I'm, I'm curious. Were you interested in history

Segment Synopsis: Cox explains the basis for his interest in writing and preserving history. He describes the various ways he recorded memories from periods of his life, such as keeping a diary and taking pictures. He states that it was helpful to have personal archives as points of reference while writing his memoirs.

Keywords: Historical documentation; Historical writing; Personal documentation; Personal documents; Writing from reference

Subjects: Historic preservation; Personal Memoirs; Personal memoirs; Photography; Sierra Leone; Writing--History

01:10:47 - Establishing the Old World Deli

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Partial Transcript: So you buy Old World Deli or start this business

Segment Synopsis: Cox describes his initial career plans in Belize following graduation from Oregon State, and how that shifted towards staying local. He talks about eventually deciding to open up the Old World Deli after briefly working in the restaurant industry. Cox also describes his choice to sell sandwiches at the deli, as well as the struggle to get the business established in the community to bring in revenue.

Keywords: Corvallis Waterfront; Old World Deli; Restaurant industry; Sandwich shops

Subjects: Corvallis (Or.); Family business; Financial security; Outdoor Schools; Restaurant management; Sandwiches; Small businesses

01:17:24 - Old World Deli in the Corvallis Community/ Involvement with Home Brewing

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Partial Transcript: Did it- so, Old World Deli and this whole complex is so known as

Segment Synopsis: Cox discusses the intent for the Old World Deli as a community meeting area to experience food, events and music. He recounts the other storefronts near the deli when it first opened, including a homebrew supply shop called the Golden Crane. Cox details how he got involved in the homebrewing business through starting his own supply shop, as well as teaching classes on beer and wine for the OSU Extension service. He notes his role in establishing the Oregon Homebrew Festival, as well as its continuation today.

Keywords: Brewing supplies; Brewing supply shops; Fresh Hops; Heart of the Valley Homebrewers; Homebrewing; Oregon Homebrew Festival; Steinbart's (Portland, Or.)

Subjects: Beer and Brewing; Beer tasting; Community; Community and neighborhood structure; Local musicians; OSU Extension Service; Renaissance architecture; Wine making

01:23:09 - Personal Interest in Home Brewing

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Partial Transcript: Did you- so, did you have any interest in homebrewing

Segment Synopsis: Cox describes the beer and homebrewing culture of the 1970s, and how he explored new beer styles and brands in the first few years of running the deli. He explains his desire to be knowledgeable about beer for his customers, and how that lead into his interest in teaching beer and wine classes for OSU. Cox also details the background of his introduction to homebrewing through running the homebrew supply shop in the deli, and his connections with hop research and Dr. Alfred Haunold.

Keywords: Blitz-Weinhard brewing; Brewing education; Dr. Alfred Haunold; Homebrewing; Homebrewing laws; Hops--Research; World Beer Book

Subjects: Beer and brewing; Beer tasting; Heineken & Co.; Hop (plant); Hops; OSU Extension service

01:28:11 - Relationship with Oregon Trail Brewing

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Partial Transcript: Did you ever think about opening a brewery yourself?

Segment Synopsis: Cox outlines the establishment of Oregon Trail Brewing within the Old World Deli, as well as his experiences of sharing his building with a brewery. He details the history of the craft brewing industry in Oregon, stating that there has always been interest in breweries and that the current industry arose in two waves of brewery development. Cox connects this history to craft brewing in Corvallis, which he says took longer to develop but has been around a while. He notes that Oregon Trail may not have started their brewery in Corvallis if other breweries had taken notice at the time.

Keywords: Beer tourism; Business diversity; Craft beer revolution; Craft brewing; Interest in brewing; Oregon Trail Brewery

Subjects: Beer and brewing; Breweries; Brewing industry; Brewing--History; McMenamins Pubs & Breweries; Microbreweries; Pasteurization

01:33:54 - Transitioning into Retirement/ Shift of Downtown Corvallis Culture

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Partial Transcript: That's interesting. So, you've now been doing this for thirty-three years

Segment Synopsis: Cox discusses the impending sale of the Old World Deli and his intent to retire, as well as the concern to sell the whole complex or just the restaurant. He reflects on the impact the renovation of downtown Corvallis will have on university and community activities, specifically with the addition of the new hotel and museum. He notes how the new designs for downtown Corvallis are similar to that in Portland. Cox also states his appreciation for the new development in downtown for increasing access to the local businesses.

Keywords: Corvallis waterfront; Corvallis--History; Downtown Corvallis; Downtown Corvallis Association; University conferences

Subjects: Conferences; Corvallis (Or.); Local museums; Retirement; Urban development

01:39:48 - History of beer in Corvallis

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Partial Transcript: What did we not talk about that you

Segment Synopsis: Cox discusses the origins of Corvallis as founded by two families in the 1840s, and how the town was a trading stop for people on the Willamette River. He goes on to talk about how the first brewery was founded, as well as the events of the Rogue River Indian Wars. Cox then lists off several other early breweries in Corvallis, such as the Corvallis Brewery and the Centennial Brewery, and explains how he got documentation of their existence. He also explains where ingredients were grown, along with alcohol taxation and the large beer consumer base of German immigrants.

Keywords: Alexander Hamilton alcohol tax; Brewing--Corvallis (Or.); Centennial Brewery; Corvallis Brewery; Corvallis--History

Subjects: Beer and brewing; Brewing--History; Corvallis (Or.); Distilling, Illicit; Immigrants--German--United States--1870-1880; Native Americans; Rogue River Indians; Saloons

01:52:43 - Prohibition in Corvallis

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Partial Transcript: What about Prohibition in Corvallis?

Segment Synopsis: Cox briefly details the history of Prohibition in Oregon, as well as various tactics people used to get alcohol in the state. He talks about his knowledge of speakeasies in Portland, and how certain bottle types and moonshine were used.

Keywords: Alcohol prescriptions; Bathtub beer; Medicinal alcohol; Moonshine; Prohibition--Corvallis; Speakeasies--Oregon

Subjects: Beer and brewing; Brewing industry--Oregon--Portland--History; Prohibition--1920-1930; Prohibition--Oregon; Prohibition--Oregon--Portland--History

01:55:35 - Brewing Recipes in the 19th Century

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Partial Transcript: Well thank you so much.

Segment Synopsis: Cox discusses the variability of brewing style in the US before and after Prohibition, and how much of that variety was based in changing consumer preferences. He also describes the limitations on quality control for brewing early on in the US, and how beer and wine had to be drunk as a result.

Keywords: Anchor Brewing company; Beer adjuncts; Beer aging; Blitz-Weinhard brewing company; Brewing styles; Consumer preferences; Steam beer

Subjects: Beer and brewing; Beer--Flavor and odor; Consumer behavior; Pasteur, Louis, 1822-1895; Quality assurance; Quality control