In early 1961, with the help of a small group of activist friends, the Paulings drafted
another petition, this once calling for a halt in plans to provide nuclear weapons
to NATO, a move toward universal disarmament, and strengthening the United Nations
as a force for world peace. Their "Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons" was
sent out to two thousand scientists who had signed their earlier petitions. Within
a month Pauling collected more than seven hundred signatures, including those of thirty-eight
Nobel laureates. He presented the results once again to the United Nations, and used
the publicity to put out a call for several hundred thousand more signatures from
around the world. A petition effort this large had never been mounted. But even that
was not enough. Pauling immediately turned his attention to creating a new forum for
discussion of his issues -- an international peace meeting in Oslo.
Click images to enlarge
Linus Pauling holding a copy of "An Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons". 1961.
"An Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons" (first draft). January 6, 1961.
"What, more petitions! Won't you be, and stay, intimidated? You must really annoy
Sen. Dodd. Here it is [my signature], and I hope it does some good."