Though a second Pauling-Teller debate was not to be, their arguments continued in
other ways. When Teller got his views published in leading magazines and prepared
to release a book titled Our Nuclear Future, Pauling marshalled his arguments with a book of his own, No More War! Dictated over two long weekends in March 1958, the Pauling book was part scientific
analysis, part jeremiad. Early chapters were scientific in tone, focusing on Pauling's
bread and butter topics -- atomic fission and fusion, the creation of fallout, the
link between radiation and genetic mutations. Only occasional barbs were thrown Teller's
way. Pauling answered Teller's comment that a little radiation might be good for
the genes, for instance, by paraphrasing J. B. S. Haldane: My clock is not keeping
perfect time. It is conceivable that it will run better if I shoot a bullet through
it, but it is much more probable that it will stop altogether.
Pauling's tone became much more aggressive as the book moved into its later chapters.
"Does the Commandment ‘Thou shalt not kill’ mean nothing to us?" Pauling asked in
its final pages. "Are we to interpret it as meaning ‘Thou shalt not kill except on
a grand scale,’ or ‘Thou shalt not kill except when the national leaders say to do
so’?" He then restated his call for a significant program of peace research, including
a World Peace Research Organization in the UN and a new US cabinet-level agency, a
Department for Peace. What was needed, he wrote, was not more debate. What was needed
to end the threat of fallout was an immediate ban on the testing of nuclear weapons.