Linus Pauling and The Nature of the Chemical Bond: A Documentary History Narrative  
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Waves
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Linus Pauling, his wife Ava Helen, and his two-year-old son Linus Junior moved into a small rental house two blocks from the Caltech campus. His first office was nothing more than a desk in the corner of the x-ray lab, from which he could directly oversee the activities of his first official graduate student, a diligent young chemist fresh from Texas named J. Holmes Sturdivant. The small x-ray lab was dedicated to using a new technology called x-ray crystallography for the investigation of the structure of molecules in crystal form.

Pauling began preparing for his first course as an assistant professor–"An Introduction to Wave Mechanics with Chemical Applications"–by writing out 250 pages of notes in longhand. He would later turn them into a book on the subject.

Wave mechanics was of special interest to Pauling. Although trained as a chemist, he had spent his time in Europe studying theoretical physics — a passion that ran so deep he had seriously considered switching from chemistry to physics. The science he learned in Munich, Copenhagen and Zurich was a new approach to the field called quantum physics. Pauling learned about it directly from its discoverers Niels Bohr, Erwin Schrödinger, Werner Heisenberg and Wolfgang Pauli, and from its greatest teacher, Arnold Sommerfeld. Schrödinger’s approach, based on the physics of waves, especially interested Pauling because he saw that it might throw new light on questions he had pondered since he was an undergraduate: What forces held atoms together to form molecules? How did those forces give the molecules particular shapes and qualities?

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Audio Clip  Audio: Solving the Structure of Crystals. 1977. (2:14) Transcript and More Information

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Video Clip  Video: Lecture 1, Part 3. 1957. (5:55) Transcript and More Information

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See Also: "The Wave Functions for the Hydrogen Atom." October 26, 1926. 
See Also: "Uber den anschauclichen Inhalt der quantentheoretischen Kinematik und Mechanik." March 23, 1927. 

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Picture
X-ray apparatus at Linus Pauling's desk, Gates Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. 1925.


Page 1
Examination: Introduction to Wave Mechanics. 1927.

"For Schrödinger, the atom was an oscillating system -- like the string of a musical instrument -- for which there exist a number of modes of oscillation (fundamentals and overtones) which are interpreted as the atom's energy states. Schrödinger's wave equation impressively provided -- without any additional assumptions -- the right values for spectral lines of the hydrogen atom."

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