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Hops Research Reports, 1956-1995

By Tiah Edmunson-Morton

Collection Overview

Title: Hops Research Reports, 1956-1995

Predominant Dates: 1967-1995

ID: RG 262

Extent: 2.0 cubic feet. More info below.

Arrangement: This collection is arranged in one series: Research Reports, 1956-1995.

Languages of Materials: English [eng]

Abstract

Efforts at Oregon State University to improve hop production scientifically started in the 1890s, but were largely abandoned with the beginning of Prohibition. Oregon State University and the United States Department of Agriculture formed a partnership in 1930 to establish a research program dedicated to developing new hop varieties suited for growing in the Pacific Northwest, determining best practices for processing and packaging, and combatting pests and disease problems that were plaguing the industry.

These annual progress reports document the research of the hop investigations; the collection also includes reports from programs in other countries.

All of the Hops Research Reports (1930-1995) have been digitized.

Scope and Content Notes

These hop research reports were generated or collected by Oregon State University research faculty and the United States Department of Agriculture; they pertain mainly to projects carried out by Oregon State University and the USDA. Of special note is the 1956 “Annual Report of Hop Investigations,” which is the year the Cascade hop was bred; it was released in 1972.

Some of these reports also include original photographs.

Topics included in these reports are hop production statistics; brewing statistics; breeding experiments for yield, disease resistance, quality; germplasm evaluation; hop chemistry; USDA research reports and planning in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho; news article reprints; research data; the evaluation of fungicides, insecticides, and weed control measures; budget proposals; development of lab techniques; and increasing and maintaining yield.

Reports for the years 1930-1969 can be found in the Agricultural Experiment Station Records (RG 025). All of the Hops Research Reports (1930-1995) have been digitized.

There are also reports in this collection that are not from the USDA program, but they were collected by scientists at Oregon State University. These reports include studies from the Institute of Hop Research in Zalec, Yugoslavia and the Laboratory of Organic Chemistry at the State University of Ghent, Belgium.

Biographical / Historical Notes

Efforts at Oregon State University to improve hop production scientifically started in the 1890s, but were largely abandoned with the beginning of Prohibition. Following repeal of Prohibition, the hop industry quickly recovered, only to be threatened again by the invasion of downy mildew. At that time, most American hops were the Clusters variety, which was extremely susceptible to the downy mildew pathogen. Further, most American hops were grown in Oregon's Willamette Valley, a high-rainfall area ideally suited to downy mildew infections.

U.S. government support for hop research started at Oregon State University in 1930, a time when the majority of American hops were grown in Oregon. Initial research efforts focused on breeding new varieties with a genetic resistance to downy mildew and that were suited for growing in the Pacific Northwest, as well as developing chemical control measures to combat the pest and disease problems that were plaguing the industry. In later years, work expanded to include agronomic, physiological, pathology, chemical investigations, and processing and packaging. Research also expanded to Washington and Idaho.

Over the years many Oregon State University departments and researchers have participated in the program. Departments represented in the reports in this collection include Farm Crops, Botany and Plant Pathology, Agricultural Chemistry, Weed Science, and Entomology. The Agricultural Experiment Stations of California, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington are also represented in the reports. Departments from Washington State University that participated in the program for these years include the Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, the College of Agriculture, and Home Economics. Research divisions at the Agricultural Research Service and U.S. Department of Agriculture include the Tobacco and Specialty Crops Section, Crops Research Division; the Oilseed and Industrial Crops Research Branch; and the Plant Science Research Division.

Other notable related organizations include the Oregon and Washington hops commissions, Hop Growers of America, Hop Research Council, U.S. Hop Administration Committee, U.S. Brewers Association, American Society of Brewing Chemists, and Miller Brewing Company.

Since the program began there have been many people who participated in the research. Oregon State University researchers involved in the work included in this collection include Stanley Brooks (Research Agronomist), Chester Horner (Agent Plant Pathologist), Sam Likens (Chemist), WD Loomis, LC Terriere, U Kiigemagi, Gail Nickerson (Agricultural Chemistry), JF Anderson, Charles Zimmerman, AP Appleby (Weed Science), RE Berry (Entomology), Ulrich Gampert (Research Assistant), Peggy Whitney (Research Assistant), Donna Kling (Research Assistant). Researchers from Washington State University include CE Nelson, WW Cone, RE Klein, RG Evans, R Parker, RG Stevens, and Steve Kenny. Researchers for the USDA include Alfred Haunold (Genetics USDA-ARS), Richard Hampton (Pathology USDA-ARS), and RH Converse (USDA-SEA Virology).



Author: Tiah Edmunson-Morton

Administrative Information

More Extent Information: 2 boxes

Statement on Access: Collection is open for research.

Acquisition Note: These reports were donated to the Special Collections and Archives Research Center by Dr. Shaun Townsend, Crop and Soil Science Department, in 2016.

Related Materials:

The Hops Research Reports collection is complemented by several other collections. The Oregon Hops and Brewing Archives Oral History Collection (OH 35) includes interviews with Oregon State University and USDA researchers, as well as other related to agriculture and brewing in the Pacific Northwest. All oral histories are available online.

Of special note are the Agricultural Experiment Station Records (RG 025); Crop Science Department Records (RG 095); Extension Service Records (RG 111); Botany and Plant Pathology Department Records (RG 054); the Hops Research Council Records (MSS HRC); Oregon Hop Growers Association Records (MSS OHGA); the Hop Press Newsletters (PUB 487); and the Brewing and Fermentation Research Collection (MSS BFRC).

There are also many pictures included in photographic collections such as the Extension and Experiment Station Communications Photograph Collection (P 120); the Extension Bulletin Illustrations Photograph Collection (P 020); the Agriculture Photograph Collection (P 040); and the Gerald W. Williams Collection (MSS WilliamsG).

Additional materials related Oregon State University research and manuscript collections are detailed on the Oregon Hops and Brewing Archives library research guide. More information pertaining to the history of hop growing and brewing in Oregon can be found on the Oregon Hops and Brewing Archives website.

Preferred Citation: Hops Research Reports (RG 262), Oregon State University Special Collections and Archives Research Center, Corvallis, Oregon.

People, Places, and Topics

Agriculture--California.
Agriculture--Oregon.
Hops--Diseases and pests--Oregon.
Hops--Oregon.
Hops and Brewing
Hops industry--Oregon.

Forms of Material

Photographic prints.


Box and Folder Listing

Series 1: Hops research reports, 1956-1995
Box-Folder 1.01: Annual Report of Hop Investigations, 1956
Report written by Stanley Brooks, Research Agronomist; Chester Horner, Agent Plant Pathologist; and Sam Likens, Chemist. Departments included in this research are Farm Crops, Botany and Plant Pathology, Agricultural Chemistry, Tobacco and Specialty Crops Section, and Crops Research Division ARS and USDA.
Box-Folder 1.02: Annual Report of Hop Investigations, 1957
Report written by Stanley Brooks, Research Agronomist; Chester Horner, Agent Plant Pathologist; and Sam Likens, Chemist. Departments included in this research are Farm Crops, Botany and Plant Pathology, Agricultural Chemistry, Tobacco and Specialty Crops Section, and Crops Research Division ARS and USDA.
Box-Folder 1.03: Annual Report of Hop and Mint Investigations, 1967
Box-Folder 1.04: Annual Report of Hop and Mint Investigations, 1968
Box-Folder 1.05: Progress Report of Hop Research, 1969
Report written by W. Loomis, L. Terriere, U. Kiigemagi, Gail Nickerson, J. Anderson, C. Nelson, Alfred Haunold, Charles Horner, Sam Likens, and Charles Zimmerman. Work sponsored by the U.S. Brewers Association and conducted by the USDA in cooprtation with the Oregon and Washington Agricultural Experiment Stations.
Box-Folder 1.06: Annual Report of Hop and Mint Investigations, 1970
Report written by Charles Zimmerman. Departments represented in the research are the Oilseed and Industrial Crops Research Branch, Plant Science Research Division, USDA Agricultural Research Service, and the Washington Agricultural Experiment Station. Original photographs are included in this report.
Box-Folder 1.07: Annual Report of Hop and Mint Investigations, Breeding, Genetics, Pathology, and Culture, 1970
Report written by Charles Horner, Alfred Haunold, Sam Likens. Departments represented in the research are the Oilseed and Industrial Crops Research Branch; Plant Science Research Division; USDA Agricultural Research Service; the U.S Brewers Association; and the California, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington Agricultural Experiment Stations. Original photographs are included.
Box-Folder 1.08: Annual Report of Hop and Mint Investigations, 1971
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Sam Likens, and Charles Horner. Departments represented in the research are the USDA Agricultural Research Service; the U.S Brewers Association; and the California, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington Agricultural Experiment Stations.
Box-Folder 1.09: Annual Research Report: Institute of Hop Research, Yugoslavia, 1975
Report written by Tone Wagner, from the Institute of Hop Research in Zalec, Yugoslavia.
Box-Folder 1.10: Annual Report: Hop Breeding, Genetics, Chemistry, and Pathology, 1975
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Sam Likens, and Charles Horner.
Box-Folder 1.11: Annual Report: Hop Breeding, Genetics, Chemistry, and Pathology, 1976
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Sam Likens, and Charles Horner.
Box-Folder 1.12: Hop Research Annual Report: Hop Breeding, Genetics, Chemistry, and Pathology, 1977
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Sam Likens, and Charles Horner.
Box-Folder 1.13: Hop Research Annual Report: Hop Breeding, Genetics, Chemistry, and Pathology, 1978
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Sam Likens, and Charles Horner, with the cooperation of AP Appleby, Weed Science; RE Berry, Entomology; RH Converse, USDA-SEA Virology.
Box-Folder 1.14: Hop Research Annual Report: Hop Breeding, Genetics, Chemistry, and Pathology, 1979
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Sam Likens, and Charles Horner, with the cooperation of AP Appleby, Weed Science; RE Berry, Entomology; Gail Nickerson, Agrilcultural Chemistry; RH Converse, USDA-SEA Virology.
Box-Folder 1.15: Analysis of Hops Bitter Acids: State University of Ghent, Krijgslaan, Belgium, 1979
Report written by M Verzele, J Van Dyck, and H Claus.
Box-Folder 1.16: Australian Hop Marketers Research Report, 1979
Report written by MG Cleary, IJ Edwards, and PJ Versluys.
Box-Folder 1.17: Hop Research Annual Report: Hop Breeding, Genetics, Chemistry, and Pathology, 1980
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Genetics USDA-ARS; Sam Likens, Chemistry USDA-ARS; Richard Hampton, Pathology USDA-ARS; and Gail Nickerson, Chemistry OSU.
Box-Folder 1.18: Annual Report to the US Hop Research Council, 1981
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Genetics USDA-ARS; Sam Likens, Chemistry USDA-ARS; Richard Hampton, Pathology USDA-ARS; and Gail Nickerson, Chemistry OSU.
Box-Folder 1.19: Hop Research Annual Report: Hop Breeding, Genetics, Chemistry, and Pathology, 1982
Report written by Alfred Haunold, RO Hampton, and Gail Nickerson.
Box-Folder 1.20: EBC Hops Workshop: Folder 1, 1978
April 10-12,1978. Papers given by 33 researchers. Workshop materials of Gail Nickerson.
Box-Folder 1.21: EBC Hops Workshop: Folder 2, 1978
April 10-12,1978. Papers given by 33 researchers. Workshop materials of Gail Nickerson.
Box-Folder 2.01: Annual Report: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1983
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS, and Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University.
Box-Folder 2.02: Hop Reports, 1984
Report includes correspondence, research, proposals and findings, news clippings for the Oregon Hop Commission, Hop Research Council, Miller Brewing Company, American Society of Brewing Chemists, U.S. Hop Administrative Committee, Hop Growers of America, and the Washington Hop Commission.
Box-Folder 2.03: Hop Research, 1985
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS, and Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University.
Box-Folder 2.04: Annual Research Summary: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1986
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS, and Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University.
Box-Folder 2.05: Annual Research Summary: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1987
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS, and Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University.
Box-Folder 2.06: Annual Research Summary: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1988
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS, and Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University.
Box-Folder 2.07: Annual Research Summary: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1989
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS; Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University; and Ulrich Gampert and Peggy Whitney, Research Assistants. Project managed by the USDA and Oregon State University Department of Crop and Soil Science.
Box-Folder 2.08: Annual Research Summary: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1990
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS; Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University; and Ulrich Gampert and Peggy Whitney, Research Assistants. Project managed by the USDA and Oregon State University Department of Crop and Soil Science.
Box-Folder 2.09: Annual Research Summary: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1992
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS; Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University; and Ulrich Gampert and Donna Kling, Research Assistants. Project managed by the USDA and Oregon State University Department of Crop and Soil Science.
Box-Folder 2.10: Annual Research Summary: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1993
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS; Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University; and Ulrich Gampert and Donna Kling, Research Assistants. Project managed by the USDA and Oregon State University Department of Crop and Soil Science.
Box-Folder 2.11: Annual Research Data Summary: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1994
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS; Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University; and Ulrich Gampert and Donna Kling, Research Assistants. Project managed by the USDA and Oregon State University Department of Crop and Soil Science.
Box-Folder 2.12: Annual Research Summary: Hop Breeding, Genetics, and Chemistry, 1995
Report written by Alfred Haunold, Research Geneticist for the USDA-ARS; Gail Nickerson, Chemist for Oregon State University; and Ulrich Gampert and Donna Kling, Research Assistants. Project managed by the USDA and Oregon State University Department of Crop and Soil Science.
Box-Folder 2.13: Washington Hop Commission: 1994 Reports and 1995 Proposals, 1995
Report written by WW Cone, RE Klein, RG Evans, R Parker, RG Stevens, Steve Kenny for the Washington State University Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, College of Agriculture, and Home Economics.

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