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Native American Maps Collection, 1875-1972

By Finding aid prepared by Elizabeth Nielsen.

Collection Overview

Title: Native American Maps Collection, 1875-1972

Predominant Dates: 1938-1972

ID: MAPS Native

Primary Creator: Coulson, E. H.

Extent: 0.5 cubic feet. More info below.

Arrangement: The Native American Maps Collection is arranged in 3 series: I. Warm Springs Indian Reservation, 1929-1959; II. Tribes of Alaska and Adjoining Territory, 1875; and III. United States, 1948-1972.

Languages of Materials: English [eng]

Abstract

The Native American Maps Collection consists of maps of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation in north central Oregon; a map of the tribes of Alaska; and maps of reservation lands in the United States.

Scope and Content Notes

The Native American Maps Collection consists of maps of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation in north central Oregon; an 1875 map of native tribes in Alaska; and United States maps depicting the locations of Indian reservations. The Warm Springs maps include maps of the road system, historical maps of the Reservation and region; and detailed range survey type maps prepared in 1938-1939 and 1956. The Alaskan map depicts with color the approximate areas over which native tribes in Alaska ranged as of the late 19th century.

Biographical / Historical Notes

The Warm Springs Indian Reservation consists of about 1000 square miles in north central Oregon. It is occupied and governed by the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, which was formed in 1937 from the Wasco, Tenino (Warm Springs), and Paiute tribes. There has been a close relationship between Oregon State University and the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs since the mid-1950s, when Oregon State established an Extension Service office on the reservation. In the late 1950s, Oregon State conducted an economic development study, the Warm Spring Research Project, at the request of the tribes. A new memorandum of understanding between Oregon State University and the Confederated Tribes was signed in April 2009.

Administrative Information

More Extent Information: 64 maps; 4 map folders and 1 oversize box

Statement on Access: Collection is open for research.

Acquisition Note: The materials in this collection were transferred from the Oregon State University Libraries' historic and storage maps collections to the Special Collections & Archives Research Center in 2013. Several of the items were received by the Libraries as gifts. Most of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation maps, including the range type survey maps, were transferred from materials housed by the former the Rangeland Resources Department in 2013.

Related Materials: A 1962 road map of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation is part of the Donald B. Zobel Collection of Historic Forestry and Vegetation Maps (MAPS ZobelMaps). The Oregon Multicultural Archives includes many materials documenting Native American people and culture in Oregon. Records documenting collaborations between Oregon State University and the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs are available in the Extension Service Records (RG 111). The Paul H. Jensen Oral Histories (OH 022) document Jensen's life and work with Alaska's Eskimo communities beginning in the 1960s.

Preferred Citation: Native American Maps Collection (MAPS NativeMaps), Oregon State University Special Collections and Archives Research Center, Corvallis, Oregon.

Creators

Coulson, E. H.
C.S. Hammond & Company
Dall, William Healey (1845-1927)
Geological Survey (U.S.)
Shane, Ralph M.
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States. Department of the Interior
United States. Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Region
United States. Office of Indian Affairs
United States. Soil Conservation Service

People, Places, and Topics

Alaska--Maps.
Indian reservations--Oregon.
Indian reservations.
Indians of North America--Alaska.
Natural Resources
Oregon Multicultural Archives
Rangelands--Oregon--Warm Springs Indian Reservation.
Range management--Oregon--Warm Springs Indian Reservation.
Warm Springs Indian Reservation (Or.)--Maps.

Forms of Material

Historical maps.
Manuscript maps.
Maps (documents)


Box and Folder Listing

Series 1: Warm Springs Indian Reservation, 1929-1959
Series I consists of maps of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation prepared and published by a variety of individuals and organizations. Of special note are detailed range type survey maps prepared in the 1938-1939 and 1956.
Extent: 53 sheets

Folder-Item 1.1: 1929
Drawn and compiled by E.H. Coulson; published by the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs; 1 inch = 1 mile. Depicts topography and major geographic features; roads, trails, and railroads; ranger stations and sawmills; and streams and swamps. Note on map indicates that the topographic and cultural data was obtained from field notes of a timber cruise and land classification conducted in 1922-1924 and 1926 under the direction of F.M. Wilkes.
Box-Folder 5.1: Range Survey Warm Springs Indian Reservation
Prepared by the Soil Conservation Service and the Indian Service. This range survey includes a legend, a summary of the full survey as well as summaries for each township, and 35 maps depicting the range types, rivers and drainages, major geographic features, and roads. The maps are hand-colored and are at a scale of 2 inches = 1 mile. The summary sheets provide acreages for different range types -- grass, meadow, weed, sagebrush, browse, timber, juniper, broad-leaved trees, and annuals -- and burned areas.
Extent: 35 maps

Box-Folder 5.2: Warm Springs Indian Reservation
Item 1: Historical Map Warm Springs Indian Reservation, March 1949
Compiled by Ralph M. Shane and Ruby D. Leno. Drawn by Ralph M. Shane. Depicts historic trails and survey routes; includes historic notes.
Item 2: Historelief Map Warm Springs Indian Reservation, November 1949
Compiled by Ruby D. Leno and Ralph M. Shane. Drawn by Ralph M. Shane. Depicts historic trails and survey routes; includes historic notes.
Item 3: Warm Springs Indian Reservation, 1949
By Ralph M. Shane. Scale: 1 inch = 3.5 miles. Depicts roads; rivers and streams; and township, range, and section lines.
Item 4: Warm Springs Indian Reservation, 1956
Published by U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Portland Area Office; scale 1 inch = 2 miles. Depicts roads; rivers and stream; and township, range, and section lines.
Extent: 5 copies

Item 5: Warm Springs Indian Reservation, 1959
Published by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs; 1 inch = 2 miles. Map depicts roads; rivers and streams; and township, range, and section lines.
Item 6: Indian Service Road System, undated
Published by United States Department of the Interior. Includes Indian Service roads and all other roads and highways within the Reservation. Depicts rivers and streams; major geographic features; and township, range, and section lines.
Extent: 2 copies

Item 7: Mt. Jefferson, Oregon, undated
Published by the U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region. Scale = 1:31,680. Map depicts roads; rivers and streams; and township, range, and section lines. The map was received prior to 1961, so was probably created in the 1950s.
Folder-Item 2.1: Range Type Survey Maps, 1956
These hand-drawn, colored maps depict range types as well as rivers and drainages, roads, railroads, and major geographic features. Section lines are marked on the maps; the scale is approximately 2 inches = 1 mile. The maps are marked with the last names of individuals that may have completed or compiled the surveys.
Extent: 4 sheets

Folder-Item 4.2: Indian Service Road System, 1958
Published by the United States Department of the Interior. Includes Indian Services roads (in red) and other roads and highways within the Reservation. Depicts rivers and streams; major geographic features; and township, range, and section lines.
Series 2: Tribes of Alaska and Adjoining Territory, 1875
Series II consists of one item, Map Showing the Distribution of the Tribes of Alaska and Adjoining Territory, compiled by W.H. Dall of the U.S. Coast Survey and published by the Department of the Interior, U.S. Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region in volume 1 of Contributions to North American Ethnology. The color map is at a scale of approximately 1:3,000,000. The map shows the approximate areas over which the following tribes ranged: Tinneh Indians; Innuit Tribes; Aleuts; Asia Chukchis and America T'linkets; Nasse and Chimsyan Indians; and Haida or Kygahni. The map also depicts major rivers, geographic features, and villages.
Folder-Item 3.1
Series 3: United States, 1948-1972
Series III consists of small-scale maps of the United States depicting the locations of Indian reservations.
Extent: 10 maps

Folder-Item 1.2: America's Indians - Then and Now, 1971
Published by C.S. Hammond and Company to accompany Scholastic Teacher Edition of Senior Scholastic, v. 99, no. 2, September 27, 1971. No scale.
Folder-Item 1.3: Indian Land Areas - General, 1971
Published by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs; scale 1:5,000,000. Inset includes Alaska. Verso has addresses of Bureau of Indian Affairs offices. The map depicts locations of Federal Indian Reservations, former reservations in Oklahoma, tourist complexes (existing and planned), state reservations, Indian groups without trust land, and federally terminated tribes and groups.
Folder-Item 1.4: Guide to Indian Reservation Areas, 1961
Map showing location of Indian reservation areas and principal highways leading to them; published by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Branch of Industrial Development. Approximate scale of 5 inches = 300 miles. An inset includes cultural areas in Alaska; Index and text on verso. Map depicts Indian Reservations and Allotment Areas and former Indian reservations.
Box-Folder 5.3: United States
Item 1: Indian Reservations Under Federal Jurisdiction, 1948-1972
Map showing Indian reservations under federal jurisdiction, except Alaska; published by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Approximate scale of 0.5 inch = 75 miles. On verso: Culture areas and approximate location of American Indian tribes at time of publication as well as Indian tribes north of Mexico in about 1500. Includes maps issued in 1948, 1965, 1967, 1969 (2 copies),and 1972.
Extent: 6 sheets

Item 2: Map Showing Indian Reservations in the United States, 1957
A map of Indian reservations showing the type of Indian court system in existence: tribal, traditional, or Court of Indian Offenses. Published by U.S. Office of Indian Affairs. From the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary Constitutional Rights of the American Indian Hearings, part 1. Approximate scale of 1 inch = 105 miles.

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