"You know how children are threatened, 'You had better be good or the bad ogre will
come get you.' Well, for more than a year Francis and others have been saying to the
nucleic acid people at Kings, 'You had better work hard or Pauling will get interested
in nucleic acids.' I would appreciate very much a copy of 'your' article. The MRC
Unit would like one too. They are very interested."
Peter Pauling. Letter to Linus, Ava Helen and Crellin Pauling. January 14, 1953.
"I gave Watson essentially the paper on nucleic acids, and after the 12th he showed
it. Morris [sic] Wilkins is supposed to be doing this work; Miss Franklin evidently
is a fool. Relations are now slightly strained due to the Watson-Crick entering the
field. They (W.C.) have some ideas and shall write you immediately. It is really up
to them and not to me to tell you about it. We tried to build your structure, and
succeeded, I think, it was pretty tight. Perhaps we should try the new one. They are
getting pretty involved with their own efforts, and losing objectivity."
Peter Pauling. Letter to Linus and Ava Helen Pauling. March 14, 1953.
"I have seen the King's College nucleic acid pictures, and talked with Watson and
Crick, and I think that our structure is probably wrong, and theirs right."
Linus Pauling. Letter to Ava Helen Pauling. April 6, 1953.
"I thank your for your letter and the two new paragraphs of your preface to Watson's
book. I must say that I was shocked to read [The Double Helix], perhaps one of the
earlier drafts, after I had read your preface. I was indignant about the insinuation
about my wife and the statements about other people, but also indignant about Watson's
treatment of you. I do not think that you should give the book the support and validation
that would be implied by your having written a preface, even despite your disclaimer."
Linus Pauling. Letter from Linus Pauling to Sir Lawrence Bragg (The Royal Institution). May 17, 1967.
"In [The Double Helix, Watson] tells about how happy they were, he and Crick, that my husband was not allowed
to come because had he come, he would no doubt have seen these excellent photographs
that Rosalind Franklin made and had and which, when they saw them, with their other
data, they were able to work out the structure of DNA...[If] ever there was a woman
who was mistreated, it was Rosalind Franklin, and she didn't get the notice that she
should have gotten for her work on DNA."
Ava Helen Pauling. Interview with Lee Herzenberg. September 1977.
"Constantly exposing your ideas to informed criticism is very important, and I would
venture to say that one reason both of our chief competitors failed to reach the Double
Helix before us was that each was effectively very isolated. Rosalind Franklin found
small talk awkward and until it was too late did not realize how much good advice
Francis would willingly have given her. Had she started to talk to him, Francis would
have led her to use her facts to find the base pairs. And then there's Linus Pauling.
Linus' fame had gotten himself into a position where everyone was afraid to disagree
with him. The only person he could freely talk to was his wife, who reinforced his
ego, which isn't what you need in this life."
James Watson. James Watson, "Succeeding in Science: Some Rules of Thumb", Science, 261, 24 (September 1993): 1812. September 1993.
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